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America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2013

Special Feature

Indicator Special1: Mean reading scores of first-time U.S. kindergartners by time of data collection and age in the fall of kindergarten, 2010–2011
Mean reading scores of first-time U.S. kindergartners by time of data collection and age in the fall of kindergarten, 2010–2011

NOTE: Estimates pertain to a sample of children who were enrolled in kindergarten for the first time in the 2010–2011 school year. The possible range of scores for the reading assessment was 0 to 83.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–2011 (ECLS-K:2011) Restricted-Use Kindergarten Data File.

Indicator Special2: Mean mathematics scores of first-time U.S. kindergartners by time of data collection and parents' highest level of education, 2010–2011
Mean mathematics scores of first-time U.S. kindergartners by time of data collection and parents' highest level of education, 2010–2011

NOTE: Estimates pertain to a sample of children who were enrolled in kindergarten for the first time in the 2010–2011 school year. The possible range of scores for the mathematics assessment was 0 to 75. Parents' highest level of education is the highest level of education achieved by either of the parents or guardians in a two-parent household or by the only parent or guardian in a single-parent household.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–2011 (ECLS-K:2011) Restricted-Use Kindergarten Data File.

Indicator Special3: Mean science scores of U.S. first-time kindergartners by race and Hispanic origin, Spring 2011
Mean science scores of U.S. first-time kindergartners by race and Hispanic origin, Spring 2011

NOTE: Science was only assessed in the spring of kindergarten. The possible range of scores is 0 to 20. According to the revised 1997 OMB standards, persons could select one or more of five racial groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Those reporting more than one race were classified as "Two or more races." Those in a given racial category represent those reporting only that race. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Class of 2010–2011 (ECLS-K:2011) Restricted-Use Kindergarten Data File.

Indicator Special4: Mean approaches to learning scores of U.S. first-time kindergartners by time of data collection, gender, and poverty status, 2010–2011
Mean approaches to learning scores of U.S. first-time kindergartners by time of data collection, gender, and poverty status, 2010–2011

NOTE: Approaches to learning behaviors include children's ability to keep belongings organized, pay attention well, persist in completing tasks, show eagerness to learn new things, work independently, adapt easily to changes in routine, and follow classroom rules. Higher scores demonstrate more positive approaches to learning. Approaches to learning scores are derived from teacher ratings. Estimates pertain to a sample of children who were enrolled in kindergarten for the first time in the 2010–2011 school year. Potential approaches to learning scores range from 1 to 4.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–2011 (ECLS-K:2011) Restricted-Use Kindergarten Data File.