ChildStats.gov—Forum on Child and Family Statistics
faces of children
Home  |  About the Forum  |  Publications  |  Data Sources  |  Help
Search
ECON1.A Child poverty: Percentage of children ages 0–17 living below selected poverty levels by selected characteristics, 1980–2012

excel icon ECON1A Excel Table

Characteristic 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Below 100% poverty
Total 18.3 20.0 21.9 22.3 21.5 20.7 20.5 20.3 19.5 19.6 20.6 21.8 22.3 22.7 21.8 20.8 20.5 19.9 18.9 17.1 16.2 16.3 16.7 17.6 17.8 17.6 17.4 18.0 19.0 20.7 22.0 21.9 21.8
Gender
Male 18.1 19.7 21.9 21.8 20.9 20.3 20.5 20.3 19.8 19.5 20.5 21.3 21.9 22.7 21.4 20.4 20.0 19.7 18.4 16.7 16.0 16.2 16.8 17.7 17.8 17.4 17.2 17.9 18.8 20.4 22.2 21.6 21.3
Female 18.6 20.4 21.9 22.8 22.1 21.1 20.4 20.3 19.3 19.8 20.8 22.2 22.8 22.7 22.2 21.2 20.9 20.0 19.4 17.5 16.3 16.4 16.6 17.6 17.8 17.8 17.6 18.1 19.2 21.0 21.9 22.2 22.3
Age
Ages 0–5 20.7 22.4 23.8 25.0 24.0 23.0 22.2 22.6 22.3 22.5 23.6 24.6 26.4 26.2 25.1 24.1 23.2 22.0 21.0 18.7 18.3 18.4 18.8 20.1 20.3 20.2 20.3 21.1 21.7 24.3 25.8 25.0 24.8
Ages 6–17 17.3 18.9 20.9 21.0 20.2 19.5 19.6 19.1 18.1 18.1 19.0 20.2 20.1 20.8 20.1 19.1 19.1 18.8 17.8 16.4 15.2 15.3 15.7 16.4 16.6 16.3 16.0 16.5 17.6 18.9 20.2 20.4 20.4
Race and Hispanic origina
White, non-Hispanic 11.8 12.9 14.4 14.8 13.7 12.8 13.0 11.8 11.0 11.5 12.3 13.1 13.2 13.6 12.5 11.2 11.1 11.4 10.6 9.4 9.1 9.5 9.4 9.8 10.5 10.0 10.0 10.1 10.6 11.9 12.3 12.5 12.3
Black, non-Hispanic 42.3 45.1 47.6 46.5 46.5 43.3 43.0 45.0 43.6 43.7 44.5 45.7 46.6 45.8 43.7 41.5 39.4 37.0 36.4 33.1 31.0 29.9 32.3 34.0 33.7 34.5 33.3 34.4 34.7 35.7 39.1 38.8 38.4
Hispanic 33.2 35.9 39.5 38.1 39.2 40.3 37.7 39.3 37.6 36.2 38.4 40.4 40.0 40.9 41.5 40.0 40.3 36.8 34.4 30.3 28.4 28.0 28.6 29.7 28.9 28.3 26.9 28.6 30.6 33.1 34.9 34.1 33.8
Regionb
Northeast 16.3 18.2 20.3 20.5 21.0 18.5 16.5 17.3 16.1 16.0 18.4 19.7 20.2 21.3 20.1 19.0 19.2 19.7 18.5 16.4 14.5 14.7 15.1 15.3 15.7 15.5 15.7 16.1 16.6 18.0 18.5 18.8 19.6
South 22.5 24.2 25.5 24.3 23.5 22.8 23.7 23.9 23.6 22.8 23.8 24.0 25.5 25.3 23.8 23.5 22.9 21.6 20.3 19.1 18.4 18.9 19.3 20.3 19.6 19.7 19.4 20.8 20.5 22.4 24.3 23.4 24.2
Midwest 16.3 17.2 19.5 21.2 20.9 20.7 19.6 18.5 16.4 18.2 18.8 19.8 19.7 19.6 19.1 16.9 15.5 15.2 15.1 13.9 13.1 13.3 13.4 14.9 16.8 15.9 16.3 16.6 18.7 19.6 20.5 20.8 19.9
West 16.1 18.5 20.5 22.3 19.4 19.3 19.9 19.0 19.5 19.5 19.8 22.2 22.1 23.2 23.1 22.1 22.9 22.1 21.0 18.1 16.9 16.0 17.1 17.8 17.5 17.5 16.6 16.3 18.6 21.0 22.2 22.5 21.2
Children in married-couple families, total 10.1 11.4 12.8 13.3 12.2 11.4 10.5 10.3 9.5 9.9 10.3 10.6 11.3 11.8 10.9 10.0 10.1 9.5 9.1 8.5 8.0 8.0 8.5 8.6 9.0 8.5 8.2 8.6 9.9 11.1 11.6 11.0 11.2
Ages 0–5 11.6 12.9 13.9 15.1 13.8 12.9 11.4 11.7 11.3 11.3 11.7 12.0 13.4 13.6 12.4 11.1 11.6 10.7 10.2 9.2 8.7 9.2 9.8 9.6 10.1 9.9 9.5 9.6 11.1 13.4 13.4 12.2 12.6
Ages 6–17 9.4 10.7 12.2 12.3 11.3 10.5 10.0 9.6 8.6 9.2 9.5 9.9 10.1 10.9 10.1 9.4 9.3 8.9 8.5 8.2 7.7 7.4 7.9 8.1 8.4 7.7 7.5 8.1 9.3 9.8 10.7 10.4 10.5
White, non-Hispanic 7.5 8.5 9.9 10.1 9.0 8.2 7.7 6.7 6.0 6.6 6.9 7.2 7.4 7.8 6.8 6.0 5.4 5.2 5.4 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.8 5.2 4.5 4.3 4.8 5.3 6.1 6.4 6.1 6.2
Black, non-Hispanic 19.7 22.7 23.3 23.0 22.6 17.2 14.9 18.1 17.2 18.1 17.8 14.9 18.2 17.7 14.6 12.0 13.3 12.3 12.2 10.5 8.5 9.7 11.1 11.3 12.4 12.4 11.8 11.0 11.0 14.5 16.0 15.6 14.9
Hispanic 23.0 24.3 27.8 26.8 27.5 27.2 26.1 27.4 25.3 25.4 26.6 29.1 28.9 30.5 30.2 28.4 29.4 26.1 23.5 22.1 20.8 19.5 21.3 21.4 20.8 20.1 18.5 19.4 22.2 24.0 25.1 23.3 23.6
Children in female-householder families, no husband present, total 51.4 52.9 56.6 56.0 54.7 54.1 55.2 54.4 53.5 51.9 54.2 55.9 55.4 54.3 53.2 50.7 49.7 49.6 46.6 42.6 40.5 40.0 39.8 42.1 42.4 43.1 42.4 43.0 43.9 45.1 47.1 48.0 47.6
Ages 0–5 65.4 66.2 67.2 67.8 65.7 65.7 65.5 66.0 64.3 63.0 65.9 65.9 66.8 64.2 64.1 61.9 59.3 59.5 55.1 50.6 50.7 49.0 48.8 53.0 52.8 52.9 53.0 54.0 54.0 54.8 58.7 57.7 56.3
Ages 6–17 46.2 47.6 51.9 51.1 49.9 49.1 50.6 49.3 48.4 46.4 48.4 50.9 49.4 49.1 47.7 45.2 45.5 45.4 42.9 39.4 36.3 36.3 36.1 37.6 38.1 38.9 37.7 37.9 39.1 40.5 41.9 43.5 43.7
White, non-Hispanic 38.6 39.3 42.3 43.1 41.4 39.1 42.5 39.6 38.6 38.1 41.4 42.6 41.7 40.8 39.3 34.9 36.6 38.9 34.3 30.7 29.3 30.4 29.7 31.6 33.0 33.8 33.6 32.9 33.1 35.1 36.0 36.5 37.3
Black, non-Hispanic 64.9 67.9 70.5 68.2 66.3 66.7 67.3 67.4 65.4 63.3 65.1 67.9 67.0 65.5 63.3 61.5 57.8 55.3 54.2 51.8 48.9 46.3 47.3 50.0 49.0 50.2 49.9 49.8 51.8 51.1 52.6 54.2 53.9
Hispanic 64.8 67.5 71.8 70.8 71.5 73.0 67.1 69.9 69.7 65.1 68.9 68.8 66.9 66.8 68.1 66.0 66.8 63.3 60.4 52.0 50.5 50.2 48.4 50.6 51.9 51.0 47.5 51.8 52.1 52.9 56.8 57.2 55.4
Characteristic 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Below 50% poverty
Total 6.9 7.7 9.0 9.6 9.1 8.6 8.9 9.0 9.0 8.2 8.8 9.8 10.4 10.1 9.8 8.5 9.0 9.0 8.1 7.0 6.7 7.1 6.9 7.7 7.6 7.7 7.5 7.8 8.5 9.3 9.9 9.8 9.7
Gender
Male 6.9 7.6 9.0 9.1 9.0 8.6 8.8 8.9 9.0 8.1 8.8 9.6 10.2 10.1 9.5 8.4 8.4 8.8 8.0 6.7 6.6 6.9 7.1 7.8 7.6 7.3 7.5 7.8 8.4 9.0 10.0 9.7 9.3
Female 6.9 7.8 9.0 10.0 9.2 8.6 9.0 9.1 9.0 8.3 8.8 10.0 10.6 10.1 10.2 8.5 9.5 9.1 8.2 7.2 6.8 7.2 6.8 7.7 7.7 8.1 7.5 7.8 8.6 9.5 9.8 10.0 10.1
Age
Ages 0–5 8.3 8.9 10.2 11.0 10.2 10.0 10.1 10.0 10.5 9.9 10.7 11.6 12.7 12.3 11.9 10.8 10.8 10.4 9.7 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.4 9.7 9.3 9.1 9.4 9.8 10.4 11.3 12.0 12.2 11.9
Ages 6–17 6.2 7.2 8.4 8.8 8.5 7.8 8.2 8.5 8.2 7.3 7.8 8.8 9.2 9.0 8.7 7.2 8.0 8.2 7.3 6.5 6.0 6.5 6.2 6.7 6.8 7.0 6.5 6.8 7.5 8.2 8.9 8.7 8.6
Race and Hispanic origina
White, non-Hispanic 4.3 4.8 5.7 5.9 5.2 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.5 4.3 5.0 5.2 5.5 5.5 4.9 3.9 4.9 4.6 4.3 3.6 3.7 3.9 3.6 4.1 4.5 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.5 5.0 5.1 5.6 5.4
Black, non-Hispanic 17.7 20.6 23.3 23.8 23.7 22.1 23.6 23.5 24.5 22.7 22.7 25.8 27.3 26.0 23.7 20.5 20.6 19.7 17.4 15.5 14.9 16.0 15.3 17.9 17.2 17.3 16.0 17.1 17.6 17.8 20.1 19.0 19.2
Hispanic 10.8 10.6 12.3 14.4 15.4 14.1 14.1 14.8 15.8 12.7 14.2 14.8 15.6 14.5 17.2 16.3 14.7 16.0 13.8 11.1 10.2 10.8 11.2 10.9 10.3 11.5 10.3 11.0 12.5 14.1 15.0 14.5 13.7
Regionb
Northeast 4.7 6.7 7.2 7.7 7.7 6.5 6.5 7.1 7.3 6.1 7.6 9.1 9.2 10.3 8.9 8.6 9.6 9.5 8.0 8.1 6.4 6.9 6.4 6.9 7.7 7.5 6.4 7.4 7.7 8.2 8.9 8.7 8.2
South 9.7 10.1 11.9 11.8 10.8 10.9 12.2 12.1 11.6 10.6 11.3 11.9 13.3 12.2 11.6 10.1 10.8 10.3 9.3 7.4 7.9 8.3 8.3 8.6 8.6 9.0 8.5 8.9 9.8 9.8 10.5 10.8 11.0
Midwest 6.3 7.2 8.8 9.7 9.9 9.5 8.8 8.6 8.0 9.0 8.9 9.3 9.9 9.4 8.6 6.6 6.7 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.5 6.1 6.1 7.0 7.0 6.5 7.3 7.4 8.4 9.7 9.8 10.0 9.2
West 5.1 5.4 6.1 7.5 6.5 5.6 5.8 6.0 7.5 5.5 6.1 7.7 7.7 7.7 9.1 7.8 8.0 9.2 8.4 6.5 6.2 6.3 6.1 7.5 6.8 7.0 6.8 6.7 7.1 8.8 9.8 8.9 9.0
Children in married-couple families, total 3.1 3.3 4.0 4.2 3.8 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.9 2.6 2.7 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.4 2.6 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.6 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.6
Ages 0–5 3.7 3.7 4.0 4.6 4.0 4.0 3.2 3.4 3.3 2.9 3.2 3.7 4.1 4.1 3.7 2.9 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.4 2.2 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 3.7 4.4 4.1 3.7 4.2
Ages 6–17 2.8 3.1 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.6 2.4 2.4 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.3 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.2 1.9 2.5 2.9 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.3
White, non-Hispanic 2.5 2.6 3.4 3.3 2.8 2.6 2.2 2.0 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.0 1.5 1.8 1.3 1.7 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.9 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.2
Black, non-Hispanic 4.2 7.1 7.7 7.3 7.4 5.2 4.0 5.5 6.5 4.3 3.9 5.9 7.4 6.7 5.6 2.5 3.3 4.4 3.0 3.2 2.9 3.3 2.5 4.0 3.7 4.5 2.8 4.3 4.4 5.7 5.7 5.1 5.8
Hispanic 6.2 5.3 5.7 7.4 7.8 7.4 7.5 7.8 6.9 5.7 6.7 7.9 8.5 7.1 9.2 8.6 6.6 7.5 5.4 4.9 4.5 4.9 5.2 5.3 3.8 5.2 4.7 5.5 6.2 7.5 7.5 6.4 6.0
Children in female-householder families, no husband present, total 22.3 24.5 27.7 29.1 28.0 27.0 28.9 28.8 30.0 26.8 28.7 29.5 31.3 29.4 28.6 24.4 26.4 26.5 23.7 21.3 19.7 21.2 20.1 22.1 22.3 22.5 21.6 21.7 23.0 23.2 25.3 25.5 24.6
Ages 0–5 31.4 32.4 37.2 38.8 36.3 35.8 37.9 35.9 38.1 35.0 37.7 37.5 39.5 37.1 37.6 34.3 35.4 34.5 31.8 27.7 28.4 28.1 27.9 31.7 31.0 29.4 29.7 30.5 31.3 30.4 33.3 34.1 32.0
Ages 6–17 18.8 21.3 23.5 25.1 24.5 23.2 24.9 25.7 26.1 22.7 24.2 25.5 27.0 25.4 24.1 19.7 22.5 23.2 20.2 18.7 16.1 18.4 16.9 18.2 18.7 19.6 18.0 17.7 19.0 19.8 21.7 21.6 21.3
White, non-Hispanic 15.3 17.4 19.5 21.1 18.8 17.5 20.1 20.6 19.9 17.6 21.1 20.4 22.2 20.3 19.2 14.5 19.1 18.8 15.8 14.6 13.4 14.7 13.1 15.8 15.9 16.4 17.0 16.7 15.9 17.6 18.6 19.7 19.2
Black, non-Hispanic 31.0 34.4 38.0 38.6 37.5 38.0 40.5 38.3 39.0 36.5 37.1 40.0 41.5 39.7 36.5 32.6 32.4 31.0 28.3 25.7 23.9 26.5 24.6 27.4 27.2 26.5 26.1 25.6 27.0 26.1 28.2 28.1 27.1
Hispanic 24.7 24.8 30.2 34.4 36.2 31.1 30.5 32.6 38.9 31.9 33.1 31.4 32.4 31.5 36.3 33.1 34.1 36.0 33.4 27.1 26.0 26.9 27.3 25.7 28.3 29.1 23.4 25.2 28.8 28.0 31.5 31.1 29.6
Characteristic 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Below 150% poverty
Total 29.9 32.4 34.1 34.8 32.7 32.3 31.1 30.7 30.3 30.2 31.4 32.8 33.4 34.0 33.1 32.2 31.9 30.6 29.5 28.6 26.7 27.5 27.9 28.6 28.2 28.2 28.6 29.3 30.5 32.0 33.4 34.0 33.3
Gender
Male 29.6 32.2 34.0 34.6 32.2 32.2 30.8 30.6 30.4 30.0 31.3 32.4 33.0 33.8 33.0 31.7 31.2 30.3 29.1 28.4 26.6 27.3 27.8 28.5 28.1 28.0 28.4 29.2 30.4 31.9 33.6 33.6 32.8
Female 30.3 32.7 34.2 35.0 33.2 32.3 31.4 30.7 30.2 30.5 31.6 33.3 33.7 34.3 33.2 32.7 32.5 30.8 29.9 28.8 26.8 27.6 28.0 28.8 28.4 28.3 28.8 29.5 30.6 32.2 33.3 34.3 33.9
Age
Ages 0–5 33.2 36.4 37.2 38.0 36.0 35.6 33.3 33.1 34.0 33.8 34.6 36.4 37.7 38.3 37.2 35.5 35.3 33.9 32.3 30.5 29.3 30.4 30.8 31.6 31.6 31.5 32.2 33.2 34.0 36.2 37.1 37.4 36.4
Ages 6–17 28.4 30.5 32.5 33.1 30.9 30.5 29.9 29.4 28.3 28.3 29.7 30.9 31.0 31.7 30.9 30.5 30.1 28.9 28.1 27.7 25.4 26.1 26.6 27.2 26.6 26.5 26.8 27.4 28.8 29.9 31.6 32.3 31.9
Race and Hispanic origina
White, non-Hispanic 21.7 23.8 25.2 25.8 23.5 22.6 21.6 20.6 20.2 20.2 21.4 22.2 22.3 22.4 21.8 20.1 20.2 19.6 18.2 17.6 16.4 17.4 17.3 17.6 17.5 17.2 17.7 17.8 19.0 19.8 20.5 21.5 20.7
Black, non-Hispanic 57.3 61.6 63.1 62.1 61.2 59.5 57.4 57.8 57.0 57.7 57.8 59.9 60.0 61.1 57.9 56.5 55.7 51.5 52.0 48.2 45.4 45.4 47.6 48.4 48.0 48.7 47.7 48.6 50.6 51.0 54.0 52.0 51.4
Hispanic 52.7 54.4 57.0 57.5 55.5 57.8 56.0 55.9 54.4 54.4 56.0 58.6 58.3 60.2 58.8 59.4 57.6 55.8 53.0 49.5 47.3 46.6 47.3 48.4 47.0 45.9 45.9 47.8 47.7 50.0 51.7 52.4 51.9
Regionb
Northeast 27.0 30.1 31.6 31.3 30.7 28.1 25.1 25.3 25.0 24.3 26.7 28.1 28.8 29.1 29.0 28.8 29.4 28.3 27.5 26.4 23.4 24.5 25.2 24.5 23.4 24.9 24.6 26.0 26.0 27.3 27.5 29.2 30.2
South 35.8 37.9 39.2 38.5 36.7 36.7 35.6 34.6 35.1 35.0 36.0 36.8 37.7 38.7 35.9 35.8 35.1 34.2 31.7 31.0 29.5 31.0 31.1 32.3 31.3 31.2 31.6 32.8 33.6 34.2 36.9 36.0 36.1
Midwest 26.0 28.1 30.5 32.0 30.5 31.0 29.1 28.9 27.0 27.3 28.7 30.1 30.3 30.3 29.5 26.8 25.9 24.1 24.6 23.6 21.8 22.8 23.0 24.5 25.6 25.0 26.5 26.3 28.7 30.5 31.1 31.5 30.6
West 27.9 31.2 32.5 35.4 30.6 30.4 31.6 30.9 30.9 31.3 31.4 34.0 33.8 35.0 35.9 35.0 35.1 33.5 32.8 31.7 29.3 28.4 29.8 29.8 29.5 28.8 28.7 29.0 30.5 33.4 34.2 36.1 33.5
Children in married-couple families, total 20.6 22.9 24.4 25.2 22.6 22.2 20.4 19.8 19.2 19.3 20.1 21.0 21.3 21.9 20.7 20.0 19.8 18.6 17.9 17.6 16.2 16.8 17.6 17.7 17.4 17.0 17.2 17.5 18.9 20.2 21.0 21.3 20.5
Ages 0–5 23.7 26.8 27.5 28.2 26.0 25.7 22.3 22.0 22.5 22.0 22.2 23.8 24.1 24.9 23.4 21.3 22.3 21.4 20.0 18.9 17.8 19.2 20.1 19.9 20.0 19.8 19.7 19.6 21.3 23.6 23.3 23.2 22.3
Ages 6–17 19.1 20.9 22.8 23.7 20.7 20.3 19.3 18.6 17.3 17.7 18.8 19.4 19.8 20.3 19.3 19.2 18.6 17.2 16.9 17.0 15.5 15.6 16.3 16.5 16.0 15.6 15.9 16.4 17.6 18.3 19.8 20.3 19.7
White, non-Hispanic 16.5 18.4 20.0 20.3 18.0 17.1 15.6 14.5 14.0 13.9 14.7 15.3 15.3 15.4 14.9 13.4 13.0 11.9 11.3 11.2 10.0 10.6 11.0 11.0 10.4 10.0 10.3 10.3 11.7 12.1 12.9 13.1 12.6
Black, non-Hispanic 34.6 39.8 41.4 41.2 37.8 37.1 31.4 31.6 29.9 32.7 31.6 31.7 32.4 34.4 28.3 25.3 28.0 23.9 26.2 20.7 20.0 20.5 23.7 21.8 22.6 22.9 22.2 20.3 23.0 26.0 27.0 26.3 24.3
Hispanic 43.4 44.3 46.5 48.2 45.7 47.3 46.6 46.3 44.5 45.3 46.6 49.8 49.2 51.3 48.6 49.8 48.2 46.8 43.6 41.0 39.4 38.7 39.9 40.9 39.6 38.5 37.4 38.9 38.6 41.1 42.3 42.6 41.6
Children in female-householder families,
no husband present, total
66.7 69.0 70.8 70.0 68.6 68.1 68.2 67.7 67.9 66.7 67.6 69.2 68.8 68.5 67.7 65.7 65.2 64.7 62.1 60.6 57.6 57.8 56.8 58.2 58.0 58.9 59.6 60.5 61.6 61.4 63.2 63.6 63.5
Ages 0–5 79.1 80.5 78.8 79.4 77.4 77.4 76.9 76.9 77.0 75.5 77.1 77.6 79.0 77.4 77.9 75.3 74.7 74.9 71.0 68.4 67.2 66.6 65.2 68.2 68.0 68.8 69.6 71.2 70.8 70.3 72.9 72.5 71.5
Ages 6–17 62.0 64.4 67.3 66.1 64.8 64.1 64.2 63.7 63.6 62.4 62.9 64.9 63.5 63.9 62.5 61.0 61.0 60.4 58.2 57.4 53.7 54.2 53.3 54.1 53.8 54.7 55.2 55.6 57.2 57.2 58.9 59.5 59.9
White, non-Hispanic 53.6 55.5 57.7 58.2 55.6 54.4 55.7 54.5 54.4 54.5 56.1 56.0 56.3 55.2 54.0 50.1 51.7 53.5 48.9 46.7 45.1 47.2 45.5 46.4 47.3 47.8 49.1 49.3 50.2 49.9 50.1 52.3 52.6
Black, non-Hispanic 79.9 84.1 83.3 80.7 80.6 79.6 80.0 79.4 79.0 76.6 77.4 80.9 79.3 79.5 77.9 76.2 74.9 72.0 71.1 71.0 66.1 65.6 64.6 66.9 66.1 66.9 67.4 67.7 69.8 68.1 70.4 69.4 69.6
Hispanic 80.7 82.4 86.0 84.5 83.1 84.8 79.9 81.3 81.2 79.4 80.8 81.2 80.0 80.7 81.9 81.7 80.7 77.8 76.2 71.3 70.3 66.7 66.6 68.3 68.0 67.4 67.3 70.0 70.4 69.8 72.9 73.6 72.0
Characteristic 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Below 200% poverty
Total 42.3 45.1 46.5 46.7 44.6 43.5 42.2 41.1 41.1 40.8 42.4 44.0 44.3 45.0 43.9 43.3 43.2 41.3 40.1 39.2 37.5 38.2 38.3 39.1 39.3 38.9 39.0 39.2 40.6 42.2 43.7 44.3 43.8
Gender
Male 42.3 45.0 46.4 46.6 44.4 43.2 41.6 41.1 41.3 40.5 42.5 43.8 43.9 44.7 43.6 43.1 42.7 40.8 39.8 39.7 37.5 38.1 38.3 38.8 39.0 38.6 38.8 39.1 40.4 41.9 43.7 44.1 43.3
Female 42.4 45.3 46.6 46.9 44.7 43.7 42.8 41.0 40.8 41.1 42.3 44.3 44.7 45.2 44.3 43.5 43.8 41.9 40.5 38.7 37.6 38.2 38.2 39.5 39.6 39.3 39.2 39.3 40.8 42.6 43.6 44.5 44.2
Age
Ages 0–5 46.8 50.0 51.0 50.9 48.3 47.1 45.3 44.1 45.3 44.6 46.0 47.5 48.4 49.6 48.1 46.7 46.7 45.0 43.2 41.9 41.0 41.7 41.5 42.2 42.6 42.4 42.9 42.9 44.0 46.2 47.4 47.9 47.0
Ages 6–17 40.3 42.8 44.2 44.7 42.6 41.6 40.5 39.5 38.8 38.7 40.5 42.1 42.1 42.5 41.7 41.5 41.5 39.5 38.6 37.9 35.9 36.5 36.7 37.6 37.6 37.3 37.1 37.3 38.8 40.2 41.9 42.6 42.2
Race and Hispanic origina
White, non-Hispanic 33.8 36.6 37.7 38.0 35.3 33.6 32.6 30.9 31.0 30.4 32.3 33.3 32.9 33.0 32.4 30.5 30.8 29.5 27.7 26.6 25.5 26.7 26.0 26.4 26.8 26.2 26.3 26.2 27.3 28.7 29.1 30.4 30.0
Black, non-Hispanic 70.1 72.9 74.3 73.1 72.5 70.9 68.2 68.1 67.1 68.1 68.1 69.9 71.0 72.1 68.5 68.0 67.8 63.8 64.1 60.6 58.9 57.0 59.1 61.2 60.6 61.2 59.8 60.1 61.0 62.5 65.1 62.8 62.1
Hispanic 67.2 68.5 71.2 70.9 69.1 70.3 68.7 68.1 66.3 67.2 69.5 72.0 71.0 72.9 72.0 72.9 72.0 69.3 66.7 64.3 62.6 61.5 62.0 62.6 62.2 60.7 61.0 60.8 62.0 63.0 64.8 65.6 65.0
Regionb
Northeast 39.1 41.7 42.4 43.3 40.7 37.5 35.1 34.1 33.5 34.0 36.3 38.2 38.6 38.8 37.6 38.2 38.7 37.5 37.2 35.5 33.0 33.6 33.8 34.3 32.6 33.9 34.1 35.1 34.3 36.7 35.9 37.8 38.8
South 47.8 50.3 52.0 51.0 50.0 48.6 46.5 45.5 46.2 46.3 47.7 48.6 49.0 50.1 47.6 48.4 47.8 45.5 43.3 42.6 41.6 42.4 42.3 43.5 42.7 42.5 42.4 42.6 44.3 45.2 47.4 46.8 46.6
Midwest 39.1 41.7 42.6 43.8 42.0 42.5 40.3 39.4 38.0 37.9 39.6 41.4 41.6 41.2 40.5 36.9 36.7 35.6 33.9 33.3 31.2 32.5 33.4 34.2 36.3 35.3 35.9 36.4 38.4 40.2 41.2 42.0 41.3
West 40.5 44.3 46.3 46.8 42.6 41.7 43.8 41.9 42.9 41.4 42.7 44.8 44.7 46.2 47.1 46.1 46.6 43.9 44.1 42.8 40.5 40.0 40.2 40.6 41.6 40.5 40.1 39.4 41.1 43.3 45.5 46.8 44.9
Children in married-couple families, total 33.2 35.9 37.5 37.6 34.9 33.9 31.8 30.4 30.3 29.9 31.4 32.6 32.3 32.9 31.6 31.1 31.0 29.0 28.0 27.8 26.4 26.7 26.9 27.3 27.4 27.0 26.7 26.3 28.4 30.0 30.8 30.7 30.2
Ages 0–5 38.1 41.4 42.4 42.2 39.2 38.1 34.9 33.6 34.5 33.5 34.5 35.5 35.4 36.6 34.7 33.2 34.0 32.6 30.7 29.8 29.2 30.1 30.3 30.3 30.5 30.2 30.1 29.0 31.3 33.7 33.4 33.4 32.5
Ages 6–17 30.8 33.1 34.9 35.1 32.5 31.6 30.1 28.7 28.0 27.9 29.6 30.9 30.5 30.9 29.9 29.9 29.5 27.0 26.6 26.8 25.1 25.0 25.2 25.7 25.8 25.4 24.9 25.0 26.9 28.0 29.4 29.3 29.1
White, non-Hispanic 28.3 30.8 32.5 32.4 29.6 27.8 26.5 24.4 24.6 23.6 25.4 26.0 25.3 25.4 24.8 23.3 22.8 20.9 19.6 19.3 18.2 18.8 18.5 18.6 18.4 18.1 17.7 17.4 19.0 20.3 20.5 20.8 20.4
Black, non-Hispanic 50.9 55.6 57.0 55.0 53.0 52.5 45.7 46.1 43.8 46.3 44.7 46.0 46.7 49.5 42.0 38.3 42.3 37.0 39.2 35.1 35.3 32.1 34.3 35.7 35.5 35.3 34.1 32.3 34.1 38.6 40.4 36.0 36.3
Hispanic 60.5 60.5 63.6 64.3 61.4 62.8 60.5 59.9 58.4 60.2 62.1 65.6 63.8 65.5 64.0 66.0 65.1 62.6 59.5 57.4 55.5 54.1 55.7 55.8 55.7 54.1 53.3 52.2 54.4 55.1 56.0 56.3 56.0
Children in female-householder families,
no husband present, total
78.2 80.3 80.6 80.9 79.3 77.4 78.0 77.2 77.0 77.0 77.6 78.1 79.1 78.7 78.1 76.4 76.7 75.7 73.3 72.5 69.7 70.3 69.1 70.4 71.0 71.2 71.7 72.1 72.3 72.5 73.9 75.5 74.7
Ages 0–5 87.9 89.1 87.4 87.5 85.9 84.5 86.1 85.4 84.8 83.8 85.4 85.4 87.0 86.5 87.0 84.3 84.2 83.7 80.3 80.4 78.6 78.6 76.1 78.4 79.0 80.2 80.3 80.7 79.3 79.4 82.4 82.4 81.8
Ages 6–17 74.5 76.9 77.7 78.1 76.4 74.4 74.4 73.5 73.3 73.6 73.7 74.4 75.0 74.7 73.7 72.5 73.3 72.4 70.3 69.3 66.0 66.9 66.2 67.1 67.6 67.4 67.9 68.2 69.0 69.3 70.1 72.3 71.6
White, non-Hispanic 67.8 70.8 70.2 72.2 68.8 66.6 67.5 66.5 66.2 67.2 68.0 67.3 68.9 67.8 67.5 62.6 65.4 65.6 61.9 60.1 57.1 60.5 58.8 59.4 60.9 60.2 61.6 61.5 61.3 60.9 62.0 65.3 66.3
Black, non-Hispanic 89.1 90.8 90.5 89.2 88.9 87.1 87.8 86.3 86.0 84.7 85.7 87.7 87.8 87.5 85.7 86.9 85.0 83.0 82.0 81.7 78.4 76.7 75.9 78.6 78.9 78.8 78.9 79.0 79.5 79.3 80.1 80.2 78.9
Hispanic 87.3 90.5 92.6 90.1 91.0 89.9 88.8 89.3 87.0 87.3 89.1 87.7 87.5 89.4 90.2 88.6 89.1 86.3 83.9 82.4 82.5 80.4 78.9 80.5 80.2 80.6 80.1 81.3 80.6 81.0 83.5 84.8 82.4
a From 1980 to 2002, following the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for collecting and presenting data on race, the Current Population Survey (CPS) asked respondents to choose one race from the following: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. An “Other” category was also offered. Beginning in 2003, the CPS allowed respondents to select one or more race categories. All race groups discussed in this table from 2002 onward refer to people who indicated only one racial identity within the categories presented. For this reason data from 2002 onward are not directly comparable with data from earlier years. People who reported only one race are referred to as the race-alone population. The use of the race-alone population in this table does not imply that it is the preferred method of presenting or analyzing data. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
b Regions: Northeast includes CT, MA, ME, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, and VT. South includes AL, AR, DC, DE, FL, GA, KY, LA, MD, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA, and WV. Midwest includes IA, IL, IN, KS, MI, MN, MO, ND, NE, OH, SD, and WI. West includes AK, AZ, CA, CO, HI, ID, MT, NM, NV, OR, UT, WA, and WY.
NOTE: Data for 2010 use the Census 2010-based population controls. The 2004 data have been revised to reflect a correction to the weights in the 2005 Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC). Data for 1999, 2000, and 2001 use Census 2000 population controls. Data for 2000 onward are from the expanded Current Population Survey (CPS) sample. The poverty level is based on money income and does not include noncash benefits, such as food stamps. Poverty thresholds reflect family size and composition and are adjusted each year using the annual average Consumer Price Index level. In 2012, the poverty threshold for a two-parent, two-child family was $23,283. The levels shown here are derived from the ratio of the family’s income to the family’s poverty threshold. For more detail, see U.S. Census Bureau, Series P–60, no. 245, http://www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/p60-245.pdf.
SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.