ChildStats.gov—Forum on Child and Family Statistics
faces of children
Home  |  About the Forum  |  Publications  |  Data Sources  |  Help
Search
a by family structure, race and Hispanic origin, poverty status, and age, 1980–2012

excel icon ECON2 Excel Table

Characteristic 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
All children living with parent(s)b
Total 70 69 67 68 70 70 71 71 72 73 72 71 71 71 72 74 75 76 77 79 80 79 78 77 78 78 78 77 75 72 71 73 73
Race and Hispanic originc
White, non-Hispanic 75 75 73 73 76 77 77 79 79 80 79 78 78 79 80 81 82 82 84 84 85 84 83 82 82 84 83 82 81 79 79 79 80
Black, non-Hispanic 50 48 45 47 48 48 49 48 50 51 50 49 49 49 52 54 56 58 58 64 66 65 64 61 62 62 64 64 61 58 53 56 57
Hispanic 59 59 54 55 58 55 58 58 61 62 60 57 57 57 59 61 64 67 68 71 72 73 73 71 73 74 74 72 68 62 61 65 65
Poverty status
Below 100% poverty 21 23 22 21 21 20 20 19 21 22 22 20 20 21 24 25 25 26 31 31 34 32 33 30 33 32 33 32 30 26 24 27 27
100% poverty and above 81 81 79 81 83 82 83 84 84 85 85 85 85 85 86 86 87 88 87 88 88 87 87 86 87 88 88 87 85 83 83 85 85
Age
Ages 0–5 67 65 62 63 66 67 68 68 68 69 68 67 66 67 68 69 71 72 74 76 76 76 75 73 74 75 75 73 71 67 66 69 69
Ages 6–17 72 72 69 70 72 72 72 73 75 76 74 73 74 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 80 79 79 79 80 80 79 77 74 73 74 75
Children living in families maintained by two married parents
Total 80 79 77 78 81 81 82 83 84 85 85 84 84 85 86 87 88 88 89 90 90 89 88 88 88 89 89 89 86 83 83 86 85
Race and Hispanic originc
White, non-Hispanic 81 81 79 80 83 83 84 86 86 87 86 86 87 88 88 89 90 91 91 91 92 91 90 90 90 91 91 90 89 87 87 88 89
Black, non-Hispanic 73 74 72 73 76 76 79 78 78 81 84 82 81 80 86 85 87 85 86 88 90 89 84 85 86 85 86 87 84 82 76 82 81
Hispanic 71 73 67 67 73 70 74 73 75 77 74 71 71 72 76 77 79 80 82 83 85 84 82 82 84 85 85 84 80 74 73 79 78
Poverty status
Below 100% poverty 38 40 39 38 39 37 40 38 41 43 44 38 37 41 46 46 48 48 56 52 58 54 54 52 55 57 58 54 51 44 40 48 46
100% poverty and above 84 84 82 84 87 87 87 88 88 90 89 89 90 91 91 91 92 92 92 93 93 92 91 91 92 92 92 92 90 88 89 90 90
Age
Ages 0–5 76 76 73 75 78 79 81 81 81 84 83 82 83 83 85 86 87 87 88 89 89 88 85 86 86 87 87 87 84 80 80 83 84
Ages 6–17 81 81 79 80 82 82 83 84 85 86 85 85 85 86 86 87 88 89 89 90 91 90 89 88 89 90 90 90 88 85 84 87 86
With both parents working year
round, full time
17 17 17 18 20 20 22 24 25 25 25 25 27 27 28 28 30 31 31 32 33 32 30 29 30 31 32 32 31 29 28 29 30
Children living in families maintained by single mothersd
Total 33 33 30 31 32 32 32 33 35 34 33 33 33 33 35 38 39 41 44 47 49 48 50 47 47 48 48 47 45 44 41 41 43
Race and Hispanic originc
White, non-Hispanic 39 40 38 37 40 39 41 41 43 42 40 40 41 39 43 46 47 46 52 52 53 52 52 52 49 52 51 49 48 47 46 45 46
Black, non-Hispanic 28 25 24 26 27 25 25 25 29 30 27 27 27 28 31 33 35 39 39 46 49 48 49 44 45 45 46 48 45 42 40 39 41
Hispanic 22 22 19 22 21 22 21 23 25 23 24 24 24 24 23 27 27 34 36 39 38 42 45 43 45 45 46 44 40 40 36 38 40
Poverty status
Below 100% poverty 7 8 8 7 7 7 7 7 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 14 10 13 17 18 20 19 19 17 19 17 19 20 16 16 15 16 17
100% poverty and above 59 57 57 60 60 59 60 61 61 60 60 61 61 59 61 61 64 66 66 66 67 67 69 69 67 70 70 68 67 66 65 65 66
Age
Ages 0–5 20 19 20 19 20 20 21 21 23 22 21 22 20 21 23 24 27 28 31 35 36 38 40 34 34 37 37 36 33 34 31 32 32
Ages 6–17 38 38 36 37 38 37 38 38 42 41 40 40 41 39 42 45 45 47 50 52 55 53 54 53 52 53 54 53 51 48 47 46 47
Children living in families maintained by single fathersd
Total 57 62 54 59 61 60 61 63 68 64 64 64 60 61 61 67 67 70 70 70 69 69 68 63 68 71 67 66 61 54 55 62 61
Race and Hispanic originc
White, non-Hispanic 61 66 60 63 66 62 66 66 73 69 68 67 62 61 64 72 69 72 72 76 74 71 70 66 70 74 70 68 64 59 62 66 65
Black, non-Hispanic 41 52 35 51 45 59 40 50 60 47 53 56 60 67 56 64 60 67 66 51 52 58 64 54 61 65 64 62 56 48 41 58 51
Hispanic 53 49 53 51 63 53 60 55 62 59 59 57 51 58 55 58 66 68 69 65 68 72 70 63 69 67 64 61 56 47 52 60 61
Poverty status
Below 100% poverty 15 23 12 15 15 23 17 14 28 22 21 18 17 19 26 24 30 29 34 28 21 29 34 27 26 32 26 28 22 17 18 24 25
100% poverty and above 68 70 66 71 73 69 72 76 78 75 74 76 74 75 73 79 77 80 79 79 79 78 77 73 78 80 78 76 71 67 69 74 74
Age
Ages 0–5 48 55 38 47 47 57 56 52 55 57 58 57 55 55 55 54 61 62 65 66 65 67 65 56 62 66 61 61 56 46 50 60 56
Ages 6–17 59 64 60 64 67 62 63 67 73 68 67 68 63 65 63 74 70 74 72 71 70 70 70 65 71 73 70 69 63 58 58 63 64
a Year-round, full time employment is defined as usually working full time (35 hours or more per week) for 50 to 52 weeks.
b Total children living with parent(s) (in thousands) 60,683 60,608 60,748 60,692 60,884 61,264 61,193 61,411 62,150 62,470 63,351 64,301 65,138 66,829 67,361 68,090 68,275 68,408 68,814 69,118 69,126 69,514 70,075 70,089 70,210 70,292 71,229 71,285 71,256 71,697 71,732 71,210 71,233
Total living with relatives but not with parent(s) (in thousands) 1,954 1,587 1,388 1,261 1,370 1,379 1,515 1,556 1,377 1,447 1,455 1,371 1,495 2,184 2,369 2,160 2,016 2,137 2,159 2,187 2,212 2,092 2,226 2,380 2,528 2,419 2,017 2,256 2,356 2,389 2,352 2,148 2,126
c For data from 1980 to 2002, the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Standards for Data on Race and Ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following four racial groups: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. The revised 1997 OMB standards were used for data for 2003 and later years. Persons could select one or more of five racial groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Included in the totals, but not shown separately, are American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and Two or more races. Beginning in 2003, those in each racial category represent those reporting only one race. Data from 2003 onward are not directly comparable with data from earlier years. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
d Includes some families where both parents are present in the household, but living as unmarried partners.
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.