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ED5.B Youth enrolled in schoola and working: Percentage of youth ages 16–19 who are enrolled in school and working by age, gender, and race and Hispanic origin, selected years 1985–2012

excel icon ED5B Excel Table

Characteristic 1985b 1990b 1991b 1992b 1993b 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Ages 16–19
Total 26 28 26 26 27 29 29 29 29 31 30 30 28 26 25 25 25 25 24 22 19 18 17 18
Gender
Male 26 27 25 26 26 28 28 28 28 29 29 29 26 24 23 22 23 23 21 20 17 16 15 15
Female 26 28 28 27 27 30 30 30 30 33 32 32 30 28 27 27 27 27 26 25 22 20 20 20
Race and Hispanic originc
White, non-Hispanic 30 33 32 31 32 35 35 35 35 36 36 36 34 31 30 30 31 31 29 27 24 22 22 22
Black, non-Hispanic 12 15 12 13 13 16 16 15 16 19 17 19 16 15 14 14 13 15 13 12 10 10 10 10
Hispanic 15 17 16 17 16 17 16 17 17 18 18 19 20 17 15 16 17 17 17 16 13 12 11 13
Ages 16–17
Total 29 29 27 26 27 30 30 30 29 31 31 31 28 25 24 23 23 23 21 19 16 14 13 13
Gender
Male 28 29 26 26 26 29 29 28 29 30 30 29 27 22 22 21 20 21 20 17 14 12 12 12
Female 29 30 28 27 27 31 31 31 30 32 31 32 30 27 26 24 25 25 23 21 17 15 15 15
Race and Hispanic originc
White, non-Hispanic 34 36 34 32 33 37 37 37 36 38 37 37 34 30 29 28 29 29 27 24 21 18 18 18
Black, non-Hispanic 12 15 12 11 13 16 16 16 15 17 17 19 16 13 13 11 10 13 11 9 7 7 6 7
Hispanic 15 17 14 15 13 15 14 15 15 17 17 18 17 15 14 13 14 15 13 12 9 8 7 9
Ages 18–19
Total 23 26 25 26 26 28 28 28 28 30 30 30 28 28 27 27 28 28 26 26 23 22 22 22
Gender
Male 23 25 24 25 25 27 27 28 27 27 28 28 26 25 24 24 26 25 23 23 20 19 19 19
Female 23 26 27 27 27 29 30 29 30 33 32 31 30 30 30 30 30 30 29 28 26 25 25 25
Race and Hispanic originc
White, non-Hispanic 26 30 30 30 31 33 33 34 33 35 36 35 33 33 32 32 33 33 30 30 28 26 27 26
Black, non-Hispanic 12 15 13 14 13 16 17 15 16 21 18 18 16 16 16 17 16 18 16 16 13 13 13 14
Hispanic 15 16 18 19 19 19 19 18 19 19 19 20 22 19 17 20 21 19 20 20 18 17 16 18
a School refers to both high school and college.
b Data for 1985–1993 are not strictly comparable with data from 1994 onward because of revisions to the questionnaire and data collection methodology for the Current Population Survey (CPS). Beginning in 2000, data incorporate population controls from Census 2000. Beginning in 2012, data incorporate population controls from Census 2010.
c For data before 2003, the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for data on race and ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following four racial groups: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. The revised 1997 OMB standards were used for data for 2003 and later years. Persons could select one or more of five racial groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Included in the total but not shown separately are American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and “Two or more races.” Beginning in 2003, those in each racial category represent those reporting only one race. Data from 2003 onward are not directly comparable with data from earlier years. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
NOTE: Data relate to the labor force and enrollment status of persons ages 16–19 in the civilian noninstitutionalized population during an “average” week of the school year. The percentages represent an average based on responses to the survey questions for the months that youth are usually in school (January through May and September through December). Results are based on 9 months of data.
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey.