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ED5.C Youth schoola enrollment and working status: Percentage of youth ages 16–19 by age, school enrollment and working status, gender, and race and Hispanic origin, selected years 1985–2013

excel icon ED5C Excel Table

Ages 16–19 1985b 1990b 1991b 1992b 1993b 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000c 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012d 2013
All
Employed and enrolled in school 26 28 26 26 27 29 29 29 29 31 30 30 28 26 25 25 25 25 24 22 19 18 17 18 17
Employed and not enrolled in school 16 15 13 12 12 12 13 12 13 13 13 14 13 12 10 10 10 10 10 9 8 7 7 7 8
Not employed and enrolled in school 47 47 50 52 52 50 49 50 50 49 49 48 50 54 57 58 58 57 59 61 64 66 67 67 66
Not employed and not enrolled in school 11 10 11 10 10 10 9 9 9 8 8 8 9 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 8 8 9
Male
Employed and enrolled in school 26 27 25 26 26 28 28 28 28 29 29 29 26 24 23 22 23 23 21 20 17 16 15 15 15
Employed and not enrolled in school 17 17 15 13 14 13 14 13 14 14 15 15 14 13 11 11 10 11 11 10 8 8 8 8 9
Not employed and enrolled in school 48 48 52 53 53 51 51 51 51 50 49 50 52 55 58 59 59 59 60 62 65 67 68 68 67
Not employed and not enrolled in school 9 8 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 7 8 8 8 7 7 7 8 8 10 9 9 8 9
Female
Employed and enrolled in school 26 28 28 27 27 30 30 30 30 33 32 32 30 28 27 27 27 27 26 25 22 20 20 20 19
Employed and not enrolled in school 15 14 12 11 11 11 11 11 12 11 11 12 12 10 9 9 9 9 9 8 7 6 7 6 8
Not employed and enrolled in school 46 46 48 50 50 48 48 48 49 47 48 47 49 52 55 56 56 56 58 59 63 66 66 66 64
Not employed and not enrolled in school 13 12 13 12 11 11 11 11 10 9 9 9 9 9 9 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 8 8 9
White, non-Hispanic 
Employed and enrolled in school 30 33 32 31 32 35 35 35 35 36 36 36 34 31 30 30 31 31 29 27 24 22 22 22 21
Employed and not enrolled in school 17 16 14 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 11 10 10 9 10 10 9 8 7 8 8 9
Not employed and enrolled in school 44 44 46 48 48 45 45 45 46 45 45 45 47 51 53 54 54 54 56 58 61 63 63 64 62
Not employed and not enrolled in school 9 8 8 8 7 7 7 7 7 6 6 6 6 7 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 8 7 7 8
Black, non-Hispanic 
Employed and enrolled in school 12 15 12 13 13 16 16 15 16 19 17 19 16 15 14 14 13 15 13 12 10 10 10 10 10
Employed and not enrolled in school 10 10 9 8 7 7 8 10 9 9 10 10 10 9 7 7 8 8 7 7 6 5 5 5 7
Not employed and enrolled in school 60 60 62 63 65 63 61 61 61 59 60 59 60 62 67 70 68 67 69 70 73 74 75 74 72
Not employed and not enrolled in school 18 15 17 17 15 14 14 15 14 13 13 13 14 14 12 10 12 11 11 11 12 12 11 11 11
Hispanic origine
Employed and enrolled in school 15 17 16 17 16 17 16 17 17 18 18 19 20 17 15 16 17 17 17 16 13 12 11 13 12
Employed and not enrolled in school 17 20 18 15 16 15 16 15 16 18 18 20 19 18 14 14 13 15 14 12 10 8 8 8 9
Not employed and enrolled in school 51 46 50 52 52 52 52 52 53 50 49 49 48 52 58 58 58 58 59 61 65 68 70 69 68
Not employed and not enrolled in school 17 17 16 17 16 16 16 16 14 14 14 13 13 13 12 12 12 11 11 11 13 11 11 11 11
Ages 16–17 1985b 1990b 1991b 1992b 1993b 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000c 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012d 2013
All
Employed and enrolled in school 29 29 27 26 27 30 30 30 29 31 31 31 28 25 24 23 23 23 21 19 16 14 13 13 13
Employed and not enrolled in school 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 2
Not employed and enrolled in school 63 63 66 68 67 64 64 64 64 63 63 63 65 69 71 72 72 72 73 76 79 82 83 82 80
Not employed and not enrolled in school 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 3 3 3 5
Male
Employed and enrolled in school 28 29 26 26 26 29 29 28 29 30 30 29 27 22 22 21 20 21 20 17 14 12 12 12 12
Employed and not enrolled in school 4 3 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 2
Not employed and enrolled in school 64 63 67 69 68 64 65 65 65 64 64 65 67 71 73 75 75 73 75 78 81 83 84 84 81
Not employed and not enrolled in school 5 4 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 4 4 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 3 3 4
Female
Employed and enrolled in school 29 30 28 27 27 31 31 31 30 32 31 32 30 27 26 24 25 25 23 21 17 15 15 15 15
Employed and not enrolled in school 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2
Not employed and enrolled in school 63 62 64 66 66 63 62 62 64 62 62 61 64 68 69 70 70 70 72 74 78 81 81 81 78
Not employed and not enrolled in school 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 4 4 4 3 3 3 5
White, non-Hispanic
Employed and enrolled in school 34 36 34 32 33 37 37 37 36 38 37 37 34 30 29 28 29 29 27 24 21 18 18 18 18
Employed and not enrolled in school 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 3
Not employed and enrolled in school 58 58 61 63 62 58 58 58 58 57 58 57 61 65 66 67 67 67 68 72 75 78 78 76 75
Not employed and not enrolled in school 5 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4
Black, non-Hispanic
Employed and enrolled in school 12 15 12 11 13 16 16 16 15 17 17 19 16 13 13 11 10 13 11 9 7 7 6 7 7
Employed and not enrolled in school 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
Not employed and enrolled in school 81 78 80 82 81 78 77 77 77 77 77 75 77 81 82 85 84 81 83 85 87 88 89 89 87
Not employed and not enrolled in school 6 6 7 6 6 5 6 5 6 5 5 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 4 4 5
Hispanic origine
Employed and enrolled in school 15 17 14 15 13 15 14 15 15 17 17 18 17 15 14 13 14 15 13 12 9 8 7 9 8
Employed and not enrolled in school 5 7 5 4 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 5 6 5 3 3 3 4 4 3 2 1 1 1 2
Not employed and enrolled in school 70 67 72 73 73 71 72 73 73 72 70 70 70 75 78 80 78 76 78 80 84 86 88 86 85
Not employed and not enrolled in school 10 10 9 9 9 9 9 8 8 8 9 7 7 5 6 5 5 6 6 5 5 5 4 4 5
Ages 18–19 1985b 1990b 1991b 1992b 1993b 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000c 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012d 2013
All
Employed and enrolled in school 23 26 25 26 26 28 28 28 28 30 30 30 28 28 27 27 28 28 26 26 23 22 22 22 21
Employed and not enrolled in school 29 26 24 23 23 22 23 22 23 23 24 24 23 21 20 19 19 20 19 18 15 13 14 14 15
Not employed and enrolled in school 31 33 35 36 36 35 34 35 35 34 34 34 35 37 40 41 41 40 42 43 47 49 50 51 49
Not employed and not enrolled in school 17 15 16 16 15 15 15 15 14 13 13 12 13 14 14 13 13 13 13 14 15 15 14 14 15
Male
Employed and enrolled in school 23 25 24 25 25 27 27 28 27 27 28 28 26 25 24 24 26 25 23 23 20 19 19 19 18
Employed and not enrolled in school 31 29 27 25 25 24 26 25 25 26 27 27 25 24 22 22 21 22 21 20 16 15 15 15 17
Not employed and enrolled in school 33 34 36 37 38 37 35 35 36 36 34 34 37 38 41 41 41 41 43 44 48 50 51 51 50
Not employed and not enrolled in school 13 12 13 13 13 13 12 13 12 12 11 11 12 13 14 12 13 12 13 13 16 16 15 15 15
Female
Employed and enrolled in school 23 26 27 27 27 29 30 29 30 33 32 31 30 30 30 30 30 30 29 28 26 25 25 25 23
Employed and not enrolled in school 27 24 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 21 21 21 21 19 18 16 17 17 17 15 13 12 12 12 14
Not employed and enrolled in school 30 32 33 35 35 34 33 34 34 33 33 34 34 37 39 40 40 39 41 42 47 48 49 50 48
Not employed and not enrolled in school 20 18 19 19 17 17 17 17 15 13 14 13 15 15 14 13 13 14 13 14 14 15 14 13 15
White, non-Hispanic
Employed and enrolled in school 26 30 30 30 31 33 33 34 33 35 36 35 33 33 32 32 33 33 30 30 28 26 27 26 25
Employed and not enrolled in school 31 28 25 24 25 24 25 23 25 24 24 24 24 21 20 19 18 19 19 18 15 14 14 15 17
Not employed and enrolled in school 29 31 32 34 34 32 31 32 33 32 31 32 34 36 38 39 39 38 41 42 45 46 47 48 46
Not employed and not enrolled in school 14 12 13 12 11 11 11 11 10 9 9 9 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 12 13 12 12 13
Black, non-Hispanic
Employed and enrolled in school 12 15 13 14 13 16 17 15 16 21 18 18 16 16 16 17 16 18 16 16 13 13 13 14 14
Employed and not enrolled in school 19 19 16 15 14 14 16 18 17 17 19 20 17 17 14 15 16 15 15 14 11 10 9 9 12
Not employed and enrolled in school 39 43 44 43 47 45 44 42 44 41 43 42 44 43 48 50 48 49 50 51 55 56 59 58 56
Not employed and not enrolled in school 30 23 27 28 25 25 24 25 23 21 20 21 22 24 23 18 20 19 19 20 20 21 19 19 18
Hispanic origine
Employed and enrolled in school 15 16 18 19 19 19 19 18 19 19 19 20 22 19 17 20 21 19 20 20 18 17 16 18 17
Employed and not enrolled in school 30 32 29 26 27 25 26 26 27 30 31 32 30 30 27 26 25 28 25 23 18 16 16 16 17
Not employed and enrolled in school 32 28 30 32 32 33 33 31 33 31 30 30 29 32 37 36 35 36 37 38 44 49 50 49 49
Not employed and not enrolled in school 24 24 23 24 23 24 23 23 20 19 20 18 19 20 20 19 19 17 18 19 21 19 18 18 18
a School refers to both high school and college.
b Data for 1985–1993 are not strictly comparable with data from 1994 onward because of revisions to the questionnaire and data collection methodology for the Current Population Survey (CPS).
c For data before 2003, the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Standards for Data on Race and Ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following four racial groups: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. The revised 1997 OMB standards were used for data for 2003 and later years. Persons could select one or more of five racial groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Included in the total but not shown separately are American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and “Two or more races.” Beginning in 2003, those in each racial category represent those reporting only one race. Data from 2003 onward are not directly comparable with data from earlier years. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
NOTE: Data relate to the labor force and enrollment status of persons ages 16–19 in the civilian noninstitutionalized population during an “average” week of the school year. The percentages represent an average based on responses to the survey questions for the months that youth are usually in school (January through May and September through December). Results are based on 9 months of data..
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey.