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FAM3.C Child care: Child care arrangements of grade school children ages 5–14 with employed mothers by age, selected years 1995–2011

excel icon FAM3.C Excel Table

Type of child care (during mother's work hours) 1995 1997 1999 2002 2005 2010 2011
Ages 5 to 8
Mother carea 6.4 5.5 4.8 3.8 6.4 7.3 5.1
Father carea 27.5 30.0 28.5 22.0 25.4 29.5 26.3
Grandparent care 20.2 24.0 25.5 20.3 20.7 21.6 20.9
Other relative care 6.9 10.4 9.2 7.7 6.8 7.8 6.5
Center-based careb 8.7 16.6 15.2 14.0 14.0 12.4 13.9
Enrichment activitiesc 25.8 15.8 18.6 15.6 16.2 14.4 17.9
Other nonrelative cared 26.3 20.7 20.0 14.2 11.2 11.0 10.1
Self care 4.8 4.3 3.1 2.8 2.2 2.2 2.4
Ages 9 to 11
Mother carea 5.9 5.3 4.5 4.2 5.7 6.0 5.4
Father carea 25.9 26.9 25.6 19.9 22.2 25.1 24.1
Grandparent care 17.2 19.9 19.7 16.1 15.2 17.9 20.9
Other relative care 6.5 7.9 6.3 5.8 6.5 6.3 6.1
Center-based careb 5.4 5.9 4.4 6.2 3.4 4.2
Enrichment activitiesc 38.6 25.3 25.1 21.6 18.3 20.9 21.1
Other nonrelative cared 15.8 15.9 14.8 9.9 8.7 8.2 6.3
Self care 17.0 21.1 15.8 15.1 11.2 10.5 10.2
Ages 12 to 14
Mother carea 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.6 4.2 4.9 3.7
Father carea 20.1 20.5 20.6 16.2 17.0 20.2 20.3
Grandparent care 8.0 12.6 11.6 9.7 8.9 9.8 11.4
Other relative care 3.4 4.9 4.1 3.5 3.5 4.0 3.0
Center-based careb 1.0 1.3 1.2 1.6 1.4 1.1
Enrichment activitiesc 41.9 23.0 24.0 20.2 15.3 18.9 17.8
Other nonrelative cared 3.6 6.8 4.9 3.9 4.3 4.0 3.1
Self care 43.0 48.2 42.9 39.3 37.2 35.7 32.5
— Not available.
a Mother and father care refer to care while the mother worked.
b Center-based care includes day care centers, nursery schools, preschools, and Head Start programs.
c Enrichment activities include sports, lessons, clubs, and before- and after-school programs.
d Other nonrelative includes family day care providers, in-home babysitters, and other nonrelatives providing care in the child's or provider's home.
>NOTE: Employed mothers are those with wage and salary employment or other employment arrangements, including contingent work and self-employment. The sum of children by arrangement may exceed 100 percent because of multiple arrangements.
SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Survey of Income and Program Participation.