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FAM6 Adolescent births: Birth rates by mother’s age and race and Hispanic origina, 1980–2012

excel icon FAM6 Excel Table

(Live births per 1,000 females in specified age group)
Characteristic 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
All races
Ages 10–14 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Ages 15–17 32.5 32.0 32.3 31.8 31.0 31.0 30.5 31.7 33.6 36.4 37.5 38.6 37.6 37.5 37.2 35.5 33.3 31.4 29.9 28.2 26.9 24.5 23.1 22.2 21.8 21.1 21.6 21.7 21.1 19.6 17.3 15.4 14.1
Ages 18–19 82.1 80.0 79.4 77.4 77.4 79.6 79.6 78.5 79.9 84.2 88.6 94.0 93.6 91.1 90.2 87.7 84.7 82.1 80.9 79.1 78.1 75.5 72.2 69.6 68.7 68.4 71.2 71.7 68.2 64.0 58.2 54.1 51.4
Ages 15–19 53.0 52.2 52.4 51.4 50.6 51.0 50.2 50.6 53.0 57.3 59.9 61.8 60.3 59.0 58.2 56.0 53.5 51.3 50.3 48.8 47.7 45.0 42.6 41.1 40.5 39.7 41.1 41.5 40.2 37.9 34.2 31.3 29.4
White, total
Ages 10–14 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Ages 15–17 25.5 25.4 25.5 25.0 24.3 24.4 23.8 24.6 26.0 28.1 29.5 30.5 29.9 30.0 30.4 29.6 28.0 26.6 25.6 24.4 23.3 21.4 20.4 19.6 19.4 18.8 19.2 19.5 19.1 17.8 15.8 14.1 13.0
Ages 18–19 73.2 71.5 70.8 68.8 68.4 70.4 70.1 68.9 69.6 72.9 78.0 83.3 83.2 81.5 81.2 80.2 77.6 75.0 74.1 73.0 72.3 70.4 67.7 65.6 64.4 64.0 66.7 67.2 64.0 60.2 54.8 50.8 48.3
Ages 15–19 45.4 44.9 45.0 43.9 42.9 43.3 42.3 42.5 44.4 47.9 50.8 52.6 51.4 50.6 50.5 49.5 47.5 45.5 44.9 44.0 43.2 41.0 39.2 38.0 37.4 36.7 37.9 38.4 37.3 35.3 31.9 29.1 27.4
White, non-Hispanic
Ages 10–14 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Ages 15–17 22.4 23.2 23.6 22.7 22.7 22.7 22.0 20.6 19.3 18.3 17.1 15.8 14.0 13.1 12.4 12.0 11.5 11.8 11.9 11.6 11.0 10.0 9.0 8.4
Ages 18–19 67.7 66.6 70.6 69.8 67.7 67.6 66.2 64.0 62.1 60.9 59.4 57.5 54.7 52.0 50.0 48.6 48.0 49.4 50.4 48.6 46.2 42.5 39.9 37.9
Ages 15–19 41.2 39.9 42.5 43.4 41.7 40.7 40.4 39.3 37.6 36.0 35.3 34.1 32.6 30.3 28.6 27.4 26.7 26.0 26.7 27.2 26.7 25.7 23.5 21.7 20.5
Black, total
Ages 10–14 4.3 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.4 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.1 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.1 3.5 3.1 2.8 2.5 2.3 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8
Ages 15–17 72.5 69.3 69.7 69.6 69.2 69.3 69.3 72.1 75.7 81.9 82.3 83.5 80.5 78.9 75.1 68.5 63.3 59.3 55.4 50.5 49.0 43.7 39.5 37.5 36.3 34.5 35.3 34.7 33.5 30.9 27.3 24.7 22.0
Ages 18–19 135.1 131.0 128.9 127.1 128.1 132.4 135.1 135.8 142.7 151.9 152.9 157.6 156.3 150.2 146.2 135.0 130.5 127.7 124.8 120.6 118.8 112.9 106.3 101.3 101.3 101.2 105.6 105.2 99.5 92.9 84.8 78.8 74.4
Ages 15–19 97.8 94.5 94.3 93.9 94.1 95.4 95.8 97.6 102.7 111.5 112.8 114.8 111.3 107.3 102.9 94.4 89.6 86.3 83.5 79.1 77.4 71.3 65.8 62.5 61.7 60.1 62.2 62.1 60.1 56.5 51.1 47.3 44.0
Black, non-Hispanic
Ages 10–14 4.6 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.2 3.6 3.2 2.9 2.6 2.4 2.1 1.9 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8
Ages 15–17 77.2 84.9 86.1 82.9 81.1 77.0 70.4 64.8 60.7 56.8 51.7 50.1 44.8 40.6 38.2 36.4 34.1 35.2 34.6 33.6 31.0 27.4 24.6 21.9
Ages 18–19 146.5 157.5 162.2 161.1 154.6 150.4 139.2 134.1 131.0 128.2 123.9 121.9 115.9 109.5 103.4 101.6 100.2 105.1 105.2 100.0 93.5 85.6 78.8 74.1
Ages 15–19 105.1 111.9 116.2 118.2 114.7 110.5 105.7 97.2 91.9 88.3 85.7 81.0 79.2 73.1 67.7 63.8 61.9 59.4 61.9 62.0 60.4 56.8 51.5 47.3 43.9
American Indian or Alaskan Native
Ages 10–14 1.9 2.1 1.4 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5
Ages 15–17 51.5 49.7 52.6 55.2 50.7 47.7 48.7 48.8 49.7 51.6 48.5 51.9 52.3 51.5 48.4 44.6 42.7 41.0 39.7 36.5 34.1 30.2 28.8 27.9 26.7 26.3 25.9 26.1 25.8 23.6 20.1 18.2 17.0
Ages 18–19 129.5 121.5 127.6 121.4 124.7 124.1 125.3 122.2 121.1 128.9 129.3 134.2 130.5 126.3 123.7 122.2 113.3 107.1 106.9 98.0 97.1 92.7 85.3 82.1 79.9 78.0 80.8 86.3 80.2 73.5 66.1 61.6 60.5
Ages 15–19 82.2 78.4 83.5 84.2 81.5 79.2 78.1 77.2 77.5 82.7 81.1 84.1 82.4 79.8 76.4 72.9 68.2 65.2 64.7 59.9 58.3 54.5 50.9 49.0 47.2 46.0 46.9 49.3 47.3 43.7 38.7 36.1 34.9
Asian or Pacific Islander
Ages 10–14 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ages 15–17 12.0 13.4 14.0 12.9 12.6 12.5 12.1 12.6 13.6 15.0 16.0 16.3 15.4 16.1 16.3 15.6 14.7 14.0 13.8 12.4 11.6 10.1 8.8 8.5 8.4 7.7 8.2 7.4 7.0 6.3 5.1 4.6 4.1
Ages 18–19 46.2 49.5 50.8 44.5 40.7 40.8 38.8 37.0 39.6 40.4 40.2 42.2 41.9 41.2 41.3 40.1 36.8 34.9 34.5 33.9 32.6 32.0 29.9 27.3 26.6 26.4 25.4 24.9 23.0 20.9 18.7 18.1 17.7
Ages 15–19 26.2 28.5 29.4 26.1 24.2 23.8 22.8 22.4 24.2 25.6 26.4 27.3 26.5 26.5 26.6 25.5 23.5 22.3 22.2 21.4 20.5 19.3 17.7 16.4 16.0 15.4 15.3 14.8 13.8 12.6 10.9 10.2 9.7
Hispanicb
Ages 10–14 1.7 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.6
Ages 15–17 52.1 65.9 69.2 68.9 68.5 69.9 68.3 64.2 61.1 58.5 56.9 55.5 51.9 49.3 47.6 47.3 45.8 45.1 44.4 42.2 37.3 32.3 28.0 25.5
Ages 18–19 126.9 147.7 155.5 153.9 151.1 147.5 145.4 140.0 132.4 131.5 129.5 132.6 131.3 127.1 124.8 124.8 124.4 128.7 124.7 114.0 103.3 90.7 81.5 77.2
Ages 15–19 82.2 100.8 100.3 104.6 103.3 101.8 101.3 99.3 94.6 89.6 87.9 86.8 87.3 84.4 80.6 78.4 78.1 76.5 77.4 75.3 70.3 63.6 55.7 49.6 46.3
— Not available.
a The 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for data on race and ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following four racial groups: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. CA, HI, OH (for December only), PA, UT, and WA reported multiple-race data in 2003, following the revised 1997 OMB standards. In 2004, the following states began to report multiple-race data: FL, ID, KY, MI, MN, NH, NY State (excluding New York City), SC, and TN. Multiple-race data were reported by 19 states in 2005: FL, ID, KS, KY, NE, NH, NY State (excluding New York City), PA, SC, TN, TX, VT (beginning July 1), WA, CA, HI, MI (for births at selected facilities only), MN, OH, and UT. In 2006, 23 states reported multiple-race data: CA, DE, FL, ID, KS, KY, NE, NH, NY State (excluding New York City), ND, OH, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, VT, WA, WY, HI, MI (for births at selected facilities only), MN, and UT. In 2007, 27 states reported multiple-race data: CA, CO, DE, FL, GA (partial year only), ID, IN, IA, KS, KY, MI (for births at most facilities), NE, NH, NY State (excluding New York City), ND, OH, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, VT, WA, WY, HI, MN, and UT. In 2008, 30 states reported multiple-race data: CA, CO, DE, FL, GA, HI, ID, IN, IA, KS, KY, MI, MN, MT, NE, NH, NM, NY, ND, OH, OR, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VT, WA, and WY. In 2009, 32 states and the District of Columbia (partial year only) reported multiple-race data: CA, CO, DE, FL, GA, HI, ID, IN, IA, KS, KY, MI, MN, MT, NE, NH, NM, NV (partial year only), NY, ND, OH, OK (partial year only), OR, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VT, WA, and WY. In 2010, 38 states and the District of Columbia reported multiple-race data: CA, CO, DE, FL, GA, HI, ID, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MT, NE, NH, NM, NV, NY, NC, ND, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VT, WA, and WY. In 2011, 40 states and the District of Columbia reported multiple-race data: CA, CO, DE, FL, GA, HI, ID, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, MA (partial year), MD, MI, MN, MO, MT, NE, NH, NM, NV, NY, NC, ND, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VT, WA, WI, and WY. In 2011, 41 states and the District of Columbia reported multiple-race data: CA, CO, DE, FL, GA, HI, ID, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MT, NE, NH, NM, NV, NY, NC, ND, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA (partial year only), VT, WA, WI, and WY. The multiple-race data for these states were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other states. Note that data on race and Hispanic origin are collected and reported separately.
b Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Trends for Hispanic women are affected by expansion of the reporting area in which an item on Hispanic origin is included on the birth certificate, as well as by immigration. These two factors affect numbers of events, composition of the Hispanic population, and maternal and infant health characteristics. The number of states in the reporting area increased from 22 in 1980 to 23 and the District of Columbia (DC) in 1983–1987, 30 and DC in 1988, 47 and DC in 1989, 48 and DC in 1990, 49 and DC in 1991–1992, and 50 and DC in 1993. Rates in 1981–88 were not calculated for Hispanics, Black, non-Hispanics, and White, non-Hispanics because estimates for these populations were not available.
NOTE: Data for all years are final. Data for 2001–2009 have been revised since previous publication in America’s Children. The revised rates use intercensal population estimates based on the 2000 and 2010 Censuses to provide more accurate rates for the period.
SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System. Hamilton, B.E., Martin, J.A., and Ventura, S.J. (2012). Births: Preliminary data for 2011. National Vital Statistics Reports, 61 (5). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Martin, J.A., Hamilton, B.E., Ventura, S.J., Osterman, M.J.K., Wilson, E.C., and Mathews, T.J. (2012). Births: Final data for 2010. National Vital Statistics Reports, 611). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.