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HC4.A/B Oral health: Percentage of children ages 2–17 with a dental visit in the past year by age and selected charactersitics, 1997–2012

excel icon HC4AB Excel Table

Characteristic 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Ages 2–4
Total 44.7 44.8 39.9 44.1 42.2 40.6 46.5 46.6 48.0 45.6 47.0 50.9 55.5 52.3 57.5 57.3
Poverty statusa
Below 100% poverty 46.0 46.3 35.0 47.0 40.2 40.9 45.4 43.8 43.0 43.5 45.5 51.7 55.9 54.8 56.3 58.7
100–199% poverty 39.1 36.0 37.2 42.7 35.7 33.9 41.2 43.0 43.6 40.9 48.8 49.0 60.2 51.4 59.3 54.0
200% poverty and above 46.4 47.6 42.5 43.7 45.2 43.0 49.1 48.9 51.7 48.3 46.7 51.4 53.1 51.6 57.3 58.0
Type of insuranceb
Private insurancec 46.0 46.4 41.9 44.8 44.3 43.1 46.0 48.7 51.5 49.5 46.8 51.3 55.6 50.5 56.8 56.5
Public insurancec,d 49.9 47.9 41.3 46.3 41.9 42.1 49.6 48.3 45.5 45.0 49.7 54.8 58.5 57.9 59.9 61.1
No insurance 30.5 29.0 25.5 37.3 27.1 22.3 35.6 24.9 31.3 23.8 37.2 35.2 33.7 30.4 47.6 35.1
Race and Hispanic origine
White, non-Hispanic 44.5 44.6 40.9 45.1 44.1 42.6 47.4 47.8 49.5 45.9 44.7 48.9 56.7 47.8 53.6 53.7
Black, non-Hispanic 49.3 48.8 41.2 43.3 40.1 37.8 47.9 38.2 47.9 39.9 50.0 60.5 55.8 58.3 59.5 64.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 48.6 38.6 48.4 71.8 * * * 48.1 63.8 * 64.0 * * * 73.8 87.9
Asian 41.0 39.3 37.0 40.3 34.2 37.1 37.9 44.9 38.7 47.4 35.0 38.7 50.3 43.4 55.0 45.1
Two or more races 48.7 53.8 40.0 46.9 48.8 57.5 51.1 57.7 54.7 46.9 54.6 51.9 61.1 51.5
Hispanic 43.0 44.2 34.5 39.2 38.7 36.3 44.1 46.9 43.6 45.4 50.9 52.7 57.1 59.4 64.1 62.1
Ages 5–17
Total 79.2 80.0 79.8 80.6 80.1 81.8 81.5 83.2 82.7 82.9 83.7 83.9 84.0 85.4 87.3 88.0
Poverty statusa
Below 100% poverty 66.7 68.3 64.6 66.1 66.3 69.9 71.0 71.5 72.7 74.9 74.2 75.7 76.1 78.6 81.7 81.4
100–199% poverty 67.9 68.4 68.8 71.2 70.8 74.7 73.2 74.9 74.7 74.5 75.9 75.3 79.2 79.6 82.6 84.7
200% poverty and above 87.4 87.5 87.7 87.8 86.9 87.5 87.4 89.5 88.4 88.8 89.1 89.6 88.6 90.1 91.3 91.8
Type of insuranceb
Private insurancec 85.3 85.5 86.2 86.9 86.4 87.7 87.3 89.2 88.4 89.5 89.5 89.6 89.2 90.1 91.0 91.6
Public insurancec,d 76.7 75.5 72.5 74.9 73.1 75.7 77.7 78.1 79.5 79.3 80.1 82.6 82.9 84.6 87.0 87.5
No insurance 50.2 53.6 51.2 53.1 53.0 56.5 53.4 53.5 53.2 53.2 54.2 51.0 54.9 55.6 60.0 61.6
Race and Hispanic origine
White, non-Hispanic 83.6 84.2 84.8 85.7 85.1 87.2 86.3 88.0 87.0 87.3 87.1 87.5 86.9 88.2 89.1 89.6
Black, non-Hispanic 73.3 74.2 73.1 75.6 73.7 75.1 75.5 80.3 78.7 79.4 80.6 82.9 81.6 84.4 87.1 87.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 72.1 81.5 61.6 71.2 81.3 77.1 74.6 75.0 78.4 78.9 91.9 79.6 78.5 78.4 88.8 90.3
Asian 76.1 74.7 78.0 81.9 83.2 74.8 81.8 79.9 76.7 82.7 79.1 82.1 82.2 82.1 81.9 85.7
Two or more races 80.3 77.7 79.2 79.5 82.8 84.6 85.2 84.4 81.0 82.9 87.2 86.3 86.5 87.7
Hispanic 66.1 67.7 65.8 65.9 66.4 69.2 70.0 70.4 72.8 71.9 76.7 75.1 77.8 79.3 84.3 85.0
Ages 5–11
Total 80.7 80.1 80.8 81.0 80.4 82.7 81.6 83.9 83.8 82.9 84.7 84.0 85.0 86.5 88.9 89.3
Poverty statusa
Below 100% poverty 70.4 70.1 66.2 68.5 67.9 72.1 72.9 73.6 74.7 74.3 78.1 77.9 77.3 80.8 86.3 84.0
100–199% poverty 71.7 68.6 70.7 73.4 70.9 76.8 73.9 76.2 76.0 74.8 78.4 75.6 83.5 81.8 83.7 87.2
200% poverty and above 88.2 87.5 88.5 87.5 87.5 88.2 87.3 90.0 89.4 89.4 89.0 89.7 88.8 90.9 92.3 92.4
Type of insuranceb
Private insurancec 86.4 85.0 87.2 86.7 86.5 88.4 86.3 89.4 88.9 89.6 89.3 89.0 89.3 90.5 91.6 92.0
Public insurancec,d 77.9 76.1 71.4 75.4 75.0 77.2 78.5 79.8 80.3 78.5 82.1 83.3 84.7 85.9 89.0 88.8
No insurance 55.1 57.4 56.1 58.0 52.9 59.4 59.5 56.3 59.4 55.3 58.5 53.5 56.0 59.6 65.7 68.9
Race and Hispanic origine
White, non-Hispanic 84.4 83.5 85.8 85.6 85.1 87.8 85.6 88.3 86.9 87.2 86.9 86.6 86.8 89.2 90.0 89.6
Black, non-Hispanic 77.7 76.5 75.1 78.2 74.3 78.5 77.2 82.3 81.2 78.1 84.6 84.6 85.0 87.0 89.5 90.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 75.2 89.2 66.4 73.6 81.6 76.4 73.1 84.0 80.8 84.7 94.4 85.5 73.2 79.8 90.7 96.0
Asian 77.3 76.4 77.0 84.8 84.4 75.0 81.9 83.7 80.7 83.6 79.4 83.9 82.4 81.9 79.4 88.1
Two or more races 79.7 81.4 81.4 78.0 86.0 83.2 87.0 83.8 78.3 79.3 90.0 87.3 89.4 90.3
Hispanic 68.9 69.3 66.3 66.2 68.7 71.8 71.6 71.6 75.7 74.1 79.8 77.4 80.8 80.6 88.0 88.0
Ages 12–17
Total 77.4 79.8 78.6 80.2 79.7 80.7 81.4 82.4 81.6 82.8 82.5 83.7 82.8 84.1 85.4 86.5
Poverty statusa
Below 100% poverty 61.0 65.9 62.5 62.7 64.4 66.7 68.7 69.0 70.1 75.7 69.4 72.7 74.4 75.4 75.7 77.7
100–199% poverty 62.9 68.1 66.3 68.3 70.6 72.0 72.3 73.3 73.1 74.0 73.1 74.9 74.4 77.0 81.1 81.7
200% poverty and above 86.6 87.4 86.7 88.2 86.4 86.8 87.4 88.9 87.4 88.1 89.2 89.4 88.4 89.3 90.2 91.1
Type of insuranceb
Private insurancec 84.0 86.0 84.9 87.2 86.4 86.8 88.3 89.0 87.8 89.5 89.7 90.2 89.2 89.6 90.4 91.3
Public insurancec,d 74.6 74.7 74.1 74.1 70.4 73.5 76.6 75.7 78.3 80.4 77.2 81.6 80.5 82.5 84.0 85.5
No insurance 44.6 49.1 45.6 47.3 53.2 53.5 46.9 50.6 47.4 51.2 50.3 48.6 53.9 52.1 54.7 55.7
Race and Hispanic origine
White, non-Hispanic 82.6 84.9 83.5 85.8 85.2 86.6 87.1 87.7 87.1 87.5 87.2 88.5 86.9 87.2 88.1 89.7
Black, non-Hispanic 67.6 71.5 70.7 72.4 73.0 70.9 73.6 78.1 76.3 80.6 76.5 81.1 78.2 81.5 84.4 83.9
American Indian or Alaska Native 68.7 70.2 55.4 69.0 81.0 78.1 77.1 67.0 76.1 72.5 87.4 69.1 85.9 76.7 85.8 82.2
Asian 74.6 72.5 78.9 78.6 81.5 74.5 81.7 75.8 71.7 81.8 78.8 79.9 81.8 82.3 85.0 82.5
Two or more races 81.2 71.5 74.8 82.1 76.5 86.4 82.2 85.5 84.2 85.7 83.4 84.4 83.1 83.6
Hispanic 62.3 65.3 65.1 65.5 63.2 65.7 67.7 68.9 69.1 69.1 72.9 72.1 73.9 77.6 79.2 81.4
— Not available.
* Estimates are considered unreliable (relative standard error greater than 30 percent).
a Missing family income data were imputed for 19 to 31 percent of children ages 2–17 in 1997–2012.
b Children with health insurance may or may not have dental coverage.
c Children with both public and private insurance coverage are placed in the private insurance category.
d Public health insurance for children consists mostly of Medicaid, but also includes Medicare, the Children’s Health Insurance Programs (CHIP), and Tricare.
e For the 1997–1998 race-specific estimates, the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for data on race and ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following four racial groups: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. The revised 1997 OMB standards for race were used for the 1999–2011 race-specific estimates and classified persons into one or more of five racial groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. From 1999 onward, respondents could choose more than one race. Those reporting more than one race were classified as “Two or more races.” Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately but are combined for reporting. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Included in the total but not shown separately are persons of Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander origin. Data from 1999 onward are not directly comparable with data from earlier years.
NOTE: From 1997–2000, children were identified as having a dental visit in the past year by asking parents "About how long has it been since your child last saw or talked to a dentist?" In 2001 and later years, the question was "About how long has it been since your child last saw a dentist?" Parents were directed to include all types of dentists, such as orthodontists, oral surgeons, and all other dental specialists, as well as dental hygienists.
SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey.