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PHY7.A Child injury and mortality: Emergency department visit rates for children ages 1–14 by leading causes of injury, 1995–2010

excel icon PHY7A Excel Table

(Emergency department visits per 1,000 children ages 1–4 and ages 5–14)
Characteristic 1995–1996 1997–1998 1999–2000 2001–2002 2003–2004 2005–2006 2007–2008 2009–2010
Ages 1–4
All injury visitsa 161.2 158.6 165.4 139.3 151.3 150.7 129.0 166.1
All initial injury visitsb 129.0 142.7 142.6 115.1 152.8
Leading causes of injury visitsc
Cut or pierced from instrument or object 12.2 9.7 12.1 6.5 7.4 5.6 4.4 5.4
Fall 47.2 39.2 48.2 35.0 49.3 53.7 45.3 64.7
Motor vehicle traffic 6.2 8.1 6.9 6.5 7.4 7.1 4.8 6.2
Natural or environmental factorsd 9.9 9.0 14.5 7.4 10.6 10.4 7.0 14.7
Overexertion 1.6 4.3 3.0 1.8 2.2 3.4 3.3 3.7
Poisoning 9.8 8.3 7.8 4.9 8.1 7.6 5.9 5.3
Struck by/against an object or person 24.9 38.2 29.4 28.2 20.5 14.7 16.4 17.9
Ages 5–14
All injury visitsa 126.8 119.8 122.9 118.1 120.5 112.1 107.9 118.6
All initial injury visitsb 110.0 114.3 105.4 94.5 107.9
Leading causes of injury visitsc
Cut or pierced from instrument or object 10.9 10.7 8.4 7.8 7.6 6.5 6.0 5.6
Fall 31.3 27.0 27.0 27.6 28.0 28.1 26.9 30.6
Motor vehicle traffic 10.1 8.3 10.1 7.7 7.9 8.2 6.3 6.3
Natural or environmental factorsd 8.5 6.2 5.7 5.5 8.1 6.2 5.2 7.0
Overexertion 2.4 2.3 2.8 3.6 3.8 3.8 4.8 6.0
Poisoning 1.6 1.1 1.6 1.4 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.5
Struck by/against an object or person 21.1 27.8 30.2 26.9 25.3 20.2 18.9 21.6
—Not available.
a Any emergency department visit where there is a valid first-listed injury diagnosis code or a valid first-listed external cause of injury code.
b In 2009–2010, some 93 percent of injury-related emergency department visits among children ages 1–4 and 92 percent of injury-related emergency department visits among children ages 5–14 were an initial visit.
c Data for 2001–2010 include initial visits only. Initial visit status was imputed for 2005–2006.
d Insect or animal bites accounted for the majority of emergency department visits caused by natural or environmental factors.
SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey.