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PHY8.B Adolescent injury and mortality: Death rates among adolescents ages 15–19 by gender, race and Hispanic origina, and all causes and all injury causesb, 1980–2011

excel icon PHY8B Excel Table

(Deaths per 100,000 adolescents ages 15–19)
Characteristic 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001c 2002c 2003c 2004c 2005c 2006c 2007c 2008c 2009c 2010 2011d
Total (all races)
All causes 97.9 90.0 85.4 81.1 80.4 80.5 86.2 83.5 86.7 85.9 88.4 88.7 83.6 85.8 85.5 82.1 77.5 73.6 69.5 68.6 67.1 66.3 67.0 65.4 64.9 63.8 63.0 60.3 55.9 51.9 49.4 48.9
All injuries 78.1 71.1 66.1 62.1 62.6 62.8 68.5 66.3 69.4 68.6 71.4 71.4 66.7 68.8 68.5 65.0 61.5 57.5 54.2 52.7 51.6 50.4 52.0 49.9 50.4 48.7 49.2 47.1 42.4 38.5 37.1 36.0
Unintentional injuries 57.8 51.2 46.8 44.1 44.6 43.7 47.7 45.5 45.9 43.4 42.4 40.1 36.0 36.7 36.6 36.0 35.6 33.9 33.1 33.3 33.4 32.5 34.6 32.5 32.3 30.8 30.5 29.4 24.9 21.7 20.6 19.6
Homicide 10.5 10.0 9.6 8.4 8.1 8.4 9.8 9.7 11.5 13.3 16.9 19.3 19.0 20.3 19.8 17.8 15.3 13.4 11.5 10.4 9.5 9.3 9.2 9.3 9.2 9.7 10.5 10.1 9.4 8.6 8.3 7.7
Suicide 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.6 8.9 9.9 10.1 10.2 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.0 10.7 10.8 10.9 10.3 9.6 9.3 8.8 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.3 7.2 8.1 7.5 7.1 6.7 7.2 7.5 7.5 8.1
Leading mechanisms of injury
Motor vehicle traffic 42.3 38.1 34.3 32.6 33.9 33.1 36.8 36.0 36.2 34.0 33.0 30.8 27.5 28.0 28.6 27.8 27.8 26.5 25.6 25.3 25.3 25.0 26.8 24.9 24.2 22.5 22.1 20.8 16.7 14.6 13.1 12.7
All firearm 14.7 14.3 13.5 12.4 12.5 13.3 14.4 14.5 17.5 19.8 23.5 26.3 26.0 27.4 27.8 24.1 20.9 18.5 16.0 14.4 12.9 12.3 12.0 11.9 11.8 12.2 12.9 12.1 11.7 11.1 10.6 10.5
Firearm homicide 7.0 6.8 6.2 5.3 5.4 5.7 6.6 6.9 8.9 10.9 14.0 16.5 16.7 17.8 17.6 15.3 13.1 11.5 9.6 8.5 7.7 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.5 8.1 8.9 8.6 8.0 7.3 7.1 6.6
Firearm suicide 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 6.0 6.1 6.0 6.8 6.8 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.7 6.9 6.1 5.9 5.5 4.9 4.4 4.1 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.4 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.0 3.5
Male
White, non-Hispanic
All causes 106.0 105.1 111.3 103.4 113.2 107.2 105.7 104.1 97.0 98.1 99.3 96.3 92.6 90.8 88.1 87.1 86.1 85.9 87.6 84.3 83.6 82.2 79.3 77.5 73.7 65.9 63.9 65.1
All injuries 86.4 86.2 91.9 86.2 93.3 89.3 87.5 85.6 78.6 80.2 80.8 77.5 75.4 72.8 71.1 69.2 69.4 69.3 71.0 66.9 68.2 64.9 64.4 63.4 58.7 51.6 50.5 50.5
Unintentional injuries 66.1 64.1 68.9 65.6 68.4 64.0 62.6 58.6 52.5 54.2 53.8 51.8 52.2 49.8 48.8 48.8 50.0 48.7 51.6 48.4 49.3 46.2 46.0 46.0 40.3 33.6 32.6 31.1
Homicide 4.4 5.2 5.0 3.9 4.8 4.6 5.6 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.4 5.8 5.1 5.5 5.0 4.2 3.5 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.6 2.9 2.4 2.5
Suicide 14.4 16.0 16.9 15.4 19.2 19.5 20.4 19.9 18.8 18.7 19.0 18.6 16.8 16.5 16.2 14.7 14.8 15.4 14.2 13.3 14.2 14.0 13.3 12.5 13.5 14.1 14.2 15.9
Leading mechanisms of injury
Motor vehicle traffic 50.7 47.6 53.9 51.2 53.3 48.9 46.9 44.3 39.0 41.2 41.1 38.6 39.6 37.3 36.8 35.9 36.7 35.7 38.5 35.1 34.5 31.5 30.8 30.4 24.3 20.4 19.3 18.5
All firearm 14.8 17.0 16.9 14.8 19.4 19.4 20.4 22.1 20.9 21.1 22.3 20.0 17.0 16.6 15.4 14.2 12.3 12.3 11.2 11.1 10.8 10.6 10.3 8.9 10.3 10.3 9.4 11.1
Firearm homicide 2.8 3.7 3.4 2.5 3.6 3.3 3.9 4.4 4.9 5.0 5.1 4.5 3.7 4.3 3.4 3.0 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.2 1.7 1.9
Firearm suicide 8.8 10.5 10.9 9.5 12.7 13.0 13.3 14.2 13.1 13.1 13.7 12.7 11.1 10.6 10.5 9.7 8.6 8.5 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.2 6.8 5.7 6.9 7.5 6.9 8.4
Black, non-Hispanic
All causes 113.9 129.0 137.2 149.8 171.3 165.4 191.1 230.9 221.7 234.1 234.4 204.8 186.8 166.7 151.8 142.3 134.0 133.0 122.9 122.3 122.0 127.9 130.5 126.6 118.8 104.9 108.0 102.7
All injuries 87.5 99.3 108.6 120.5 141.1 138.6 165.4 201.9 192.8 205.6 203.9 173.4 158.9 140.9 124.6 114.7 105.9 104.9 97.3 98.0 95.6 101.6 107.4 105.1 96.2 82.9 86.8 82.3
Unintentional injuries 39.4 41.9 45.8 47.4 47.5 39.8 42.9 50.8 44.6 46.9 46.6 44.8 42.0 40.4 39.9 37.9 35.3 36.7 34.7 30.4 31.3 32.4 32.5 29.8 26.0 21.6 24.3 23.3
Homicide 39.7 47.0 52.7 61.8 80.3 86.3 109.8 135.4 129.7 141.0 136.6 111.8 101.1 86.3 71.1 64.6 59.0 59.4 54.2 59.7 55.7 60.4 66.7 66.5 60.1 53.1 54.0 51.3
Suicide 6.0 8.5 7.4 9.1 10.1 9.8 10.7 12.4 14.9 14.2 16.3 13.6 11.5 11.6 11.0 10.1 9.9 7.5 6.9 6.6 7.4 7.2 7.0 6.6 8.4 6.7 7.1 6.9
Leading mechanisms of injury
Motor vehicle traffic 21.8 22.6 26.1 28.3 29.8 23.8 27.2 29.5 26.5 26.8 28.7 29.1 27.7 29.0 25.8 24.9 22.8 25.8 23.3 21.6 21.2 22.0 20.9 20.3 17.0 13.8 15.0 13.7
All firearm 37.5 47.7 51.3 61.3 83.6 91.9 114.3 142.5 143.2 154.8 152.9 122.1 110.1 92.1 76.8 69.4 63.5 61.7 56.9 60.2 56.1 62.0 68.6 69.6 62.4 55.2 55.2 52.0
Firearm homicide 30.5 37.5 42.8 51.0 70.9 78.6 100.0 124.3 120.8 131.6 128.5 103.7 92.8 79.1 64.5 58.3 53.3 53.8 49.3 54.2 50.7 55.4 61.2 62.2 55.7 49.6 50.2 47.1
Firearm suicide 3.5 5.5 4.8 6.5 7.1 7.0 8.2 8.9 12.6 11.5 13.7 10.5 9.3 8.5 7.8 7.1 7.3 5.2 4.4 3.9 3.7 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.7 3.4 3.2 3.4
Asian or Pacific Islander
All causes 69.1 59.2 63.0 59.9 58.5 57.8 52.0 59.6 59.9 61.5 73.1 63.5 70.2 80.8 75.4 65.2 61.2 52.8 51.1 50.2 51.0 50.6 48.2 47.0 44.0 41.9 45.7 39.9 33.5 31.5 29.3 27.9
All injuries 53.5 43.5 41.8 41.7 47.3 47.4 39.2 46.2 49.1 49.0 62.3 49.9 56.4 64.4 62.1 51.9 52.0 39.8 39.1 37.8 39.1 39.4 38.7 35.9 35.6 31.1 36.4 31.2 23.6 19.5 20.8 18.9
Unintentional injuries 38.6 24.5 26.7 22.5 33.8 31.0 27.5 29.2 32.5 27.5 35.1 22.9 26.4 28.8 25.5 20.0 28.1 17.9 20.5 21.0 23.3 25.9 24.8 22.4 20.1 19.0 18.2 18.1 13.9 10.8 11.2 8.8
Homicide * 12.0 * * * * * 7.9 8.5 9.9 14.8 14.9 16.6 23.7 26.1 20.5 14.7 14.4 9.7 10.0 7.5 6.6 8.2 6.6 6.8 7.1 10.2 4.8 4.7 * * *
Suicide * * * 12.5 * 10.1 * 8.7 7.8 10.9 12.0 11.2 12.3 10.2 10.2 9.4 8.9 6.7 8.7 6.1 8.1 6.9 5.5 6.4 8.0 4.4 7.6 7.7 4.7 6.4 6.3 7.2
Leading mechanisms of injury
Motor vehicle traffic 25.5 15.2 14.6 73.3 26.6 21.0 19.0 20.6 22.7 18.6 24.1 18.0 19.0 16.2 16.8 14.4 20.2 11.7 13.4 12.9 14.7 18.0 18.5 17.2 12.9 12.3 12.1 12.5 10.8 6.6 7.2 5.4
All firearm * 11.4 * * 9.5 9.2 8.1 12.6 12.5 15.0 22.2 21.1 23.9 29.0 32.8 26.9 18.1 17.4 13.2 10.9 8.8 7.1 9.5 7.0 8.2 8.6 11.5 6.3 5.2 * 4.3 3.8
Firearm homicide * * * * * * * * 7.1 8.0 12.6 13.6 14.4 22.8 23.5 18.6 12.9 13.4 9.7 7.5 5.7 * 6.7 5.1 5.0 6.3 8.9 3.8 3.8 * * *
Firearm suicide * * * * * * * * * * 8.3 6.2 8.0 * 6.7 6.1 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Hispanic
All causes 124.6 121.3 119.6 112.0 112.7 127.5 131.4 139.0 134.2 134.7 130.7 125.6 112.4 98.4 90.1 87.8 90.5 87.5 90.3 90.6 87.8 89.0 88.7 77.8 68.0 66.7 61.2 58.4
All injuries 106.9 103.7 103.7 93.0 95.5 110.6 115.9 123.3 117.0 117.7 115.8 110.0 96.3 83.2 76.6 73.6 75.9 69.4 75.8 73.7 72.7 73.8 73.3 64.9 54.7 53.4 48.2 44.9
Unintentional injuries 55.9 59.4 59.1 53.3 55.8 58.8 54.7 50.5 42.9 44.3 43.6 41.4 39.9 36.6 35.6 37.3 40.8 38.3 42.7 41.3 39.1 39.2 39.6 33.1 27.2 25.0 21.7 21.8
Homicide 32.8 30.6 31.9 29.5 27.9 36.9 49.7 59.2 59.1 57.3 56.2 53.5 43.2 33.8 30.2 26.0 25.7 22.7 23.8 23.1 23.5 25.1 25.3 22.0 19.7 19.8 17.9 14.7
Suicide 14.3 11.9 11.5 9.3 10.8 13.9 11.0 12.1 13.1 14.0 13.5 13.6 11.7 11.4 9.2 8.9 8.5 7.4 8.4 8.5 9.0 8.6 7.1 8.4 6.9 8.2 8.1 7.7
Leading mechanisms of injury
Motor vehicle traffic 36.2 42.8 39.4 39.1 40.7 45.4 40.7 35.2 31.1 32.3 31.6 29.2 29.2 25.5 24.8 26.0 29.4 28.9 31.5 30.7 30.3 28.9 29.8 22.4 18.7 17.8 13.9 14.7
All firearm 37.5 31.2 31.2 31.8 31.6 43.0 51.7 64.2 65.8 63.2 64.3 60.4 48.5 41.4 33.8 29.5 27.9 24.3 26.5 24.8 25.5 26.7 27.0 23.2 20.4 19.8 17.8 15.3
Firearm homicide 24.7 20.9 21.9 23.8 22.3 31.0 39.7 50.4 52.9 49.8 49.6 47.3 38.3 30.5 25.8 22.9 21.9 19.4 20.8 19.4 20.0 21.8 21.7 18.1 16.7 16.4 14.6 12.4
Firearm suicide 8.3 6.7 6.9 5.5 6.4 8.0 8.6 8.5 9.1 10.0 9.6 9.2 6.7 7.8 5.5 5.0 4.6 3.3 4.5 4.0 4.7 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.0 3.1 2.8 2.0
Female
White, non-Hispanic
All causes 44.7 46.4 46.3 45.9 48.1 50.3 44.2 47.0 43.2 44.1 43.3 44.2 43.0 43.8 42.1 42.4 41.0 39.5 42.0 40.4 42.4 37.7 38.2 37.8 33.1 32.0 30.1 30.1
All injuries 32.0 33.7 33.9 33.6 35.9 37.5 32.3 34.3 31.4 31.4 31.3 32.2 31.4 31.8 30.5 30.3 29.3 27.7 30.5 29.0 31.0 27.1 28.0 27.7 23.4 21.7 20.4 20.3
Unintentional injuries 24.8 25.9 26.7 26.1 28.3 30.0 25.8 26.9 24.3 24.0 24.7 25.5 24.9 25.2 25.2 25.1 24.0 22.5 25.7 24.0 24.9 21.8 22.7 22.7 18.5 16.2 15.3 14.6
Homicide 3.2 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.7 3.3 2.5 2.5 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.6 1.4 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.2
Suicide 3.7 4.4 3.9 4.4 4.7 4.5 4.0 4.3 3.7 4.2 3.6 3.2 3.7 3.6 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.7 3.0 3.9 3.3 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.9
Leading mechanisms of injury
Motor vehicle traffic 21.7 22.5 23.2 23.4 25.3 27.0 22.6 24.1 21.6 21.0 22.3 22.9 22.2 22.5 22.1 21.6 20.8 19.4 22.2 20.4 21.0 18.0 18.3 18.1 14.3 12.7 11.0 10.5
All firearm 4.1 3.8 3.5 3.1 3.4 3.7 3.9 4.0 3.8 4.2 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.3 2.8 2.3 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.7 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.5 1.8 1.7 2.0
Firearm homicide 1.8 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.3 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8
Firearm suicide 2.0 2.2 1.8 1.8 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.2 1.8 2.3 2.1 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.6 1.3 1.2 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.9 1.2
Black, non-Hispanic
All causes 46.0 45.7 50.4 50.7 51.6 47.2 52.2 52.4 51.2 53.5 56.1 56.1 53.1 49.1 43.8 46.3 44.9 41.8 41.7 38.5 40.9 39.0 37.1 37.5 37.9 34.8 31.9 33.4
All injuries 23.2 23.5 27.0 27.9 27.5 24.0 29.2 30.1 28.7 31.3 30.7 32.3 30.6 26.9 23.1 25.4 23.1 21.2 22.5 19.3 21.8 20.6 19.3 19.4 19.3 18.4 16.5 17.5
Unintentional injuries 10.9 11.0 11.9 12.2 12.9 10.4 12.3 12.1 12.2 11.1 12.9 13.1 15.5 13.4 11.1 13.4 13.0 13.2 13.2 11.3 12.0 12.7 10.1 11.3 9.3 9.8 8.0 8.3
Homicide 10.4 10.6 12.6 12.3 12.0 11.5 14.8 15.7 14.3 18.2 15.2 16.4 13.0 10.6 9.9 10.1 8.6 6.6 8.1 6.9 7.8 6.2 7.7 6.8 7.6 6.5 7.2 6.9
Suicide 1.7 1.6 2.2 2.8 2.3 2.0 1.9 * 1.9 * 2.4 2.3 1.7 2.6 1.9 1.6 1.5 * * * 1.9 1.4 1.3 1.2 2.1 1.8 1.2 2.0
Leading mechanisms of injury
Motor vehicle traffic 7.1 7.7 8.2 8.5 10.3 7.7 9.0 8.7 9.2 8.3 10.4 10.6 12.4 10.4 8.6 11.2 10.5 10.6 11.2 9.2 9.7 10.6 8.4 9.1 7.3 7.8 5.4 7.1
All firearm 6.4 6.3 8.1 9.3 8.8 9.2 11.5 12.7 12.4 15.6 13.3 14.1 11.6 9.4 8.1 8.3 5.9 4.6 6.2 4.4 5.8 4.9 5.9 5.5 6.2 5.2 5.6 6.4
Firearm homicide 5.4 5.1 6.8 7.4 7.4 8.5 9.8 11.2 10.5 14.1 11.1 12.2 9.9 7.6 6.7 7.2 5.2 4.0 5.5 4.1 5.0 4.3 5.4 5.0 5.8 4.7 5.4 5.8
Firearm suicide * * * * * * * * * * 1.9 1.6 * 1.5 * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Asian or Pacific Islander
All causes 26.7 28.7 27.9 22.8 22.7 32.1 24.5 25.8 33.3 27.6 25.8 27.1 27.6 24.9 26.5 28.1 26.0 27.5 24.5 25.2 20.6 22.7 22.3 25.0 19.9 19.4 21.1 17.0 14.7 16.4 15.9 14.6
All injuries 16.7 16.2 13.4 12.7 11.4 19.3 14.0 18.0 21.2 17.6 18.2 18.5 22.4 16.7 16.7 19.4 17.5 17.6 15.7 15.5 11.9 13.5 13.5 16.2 12.2 12.6 13.1 10.0 8.6 9.3 9.1 7.9
Unintentional injuries * * * * * 11.0 * 12.1 16.1 12.8 11.2 10.9 14.3 9.2 8.8 13.3 11.0 12.5 11.3 10.4 7.3 9.4 9.5 11.9 8.4 8.1 8.6 7.2 4.9 5.2 5.2 4.9
Homicide * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Suicide * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 3.6 * *
Leading mechanisms of injury
Motor vehicle traffic * * * * * * * 11.3 14.6 10.7 10.9 9.9 10.7 7.6 7.9 12.5 8.0 11.9 9.3 8.7 5.5 7.0 6.8 10.8 7.8 6.3 7.8 5.5 4.0 * * 4.2
All firearm * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Firearm homicide * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Firearm suicide * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Hispanic
All causes 31.8 33.6 32.4 32.9 33.0 36.4 35.2 37.9 35.5 36.9 34.5 35.5 32.9 31.0 30.4 30.5 28.7 30.4 29.8 32.0 28.1 31.5 28.4 25.1 25.0 25.6 20.4 19.0
All injuries 18.6 20.7 21.2 20.1 21.5 23.8 22.7 24.0 22.1 24.1 21.9 23.1 20.6 19.8 20.3 19.6 18.4 18.7 18.9 20.7 18.4 20.7 18.4 15.7 14.9 15.0 13.7 10.2
Unintentional injuries 11.6 14.4 12.9 13.4 15.0 15.4 12.2 12.9 12.8 13.4 12.4 13.9 13.2 13.0 13.6 13.4 13.1 13.6 13.9 15.2 12.7 15.5 12.8 11.2 9.4 9.6 8.6 6.1
Homicide * 3.8 5.5 4.4 3.7 4.7 7.2 7.8 6.7 7.1 6.2 6.5 3.6 3.9 4.0 4.0 2.8 2.5 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.5 3.1 2.6 2.1 1.4
Suicide * * * * 2.6 3.2 3.2 2.9 2.5 3.2 3.0 2.6 3.6 2.5 2.5 2.0 2.4 2.4 1.9 2.3 2.6 2.2 2.7 1.7 2.3 2.5 2.9 2.6
Leading mechanisms of injury
Motor vehicle traffic 8.6 10.7 10.3 11.2 13.1 13.0 10.4 11.1 11.4 11.1 11.3 12.1 10.5 11.6 11.4 10.9 10.7 12.2 11.9 13.5 10.6 13.3 10.8 9.0 7.4 7.4 6.7 4.6
All firearm * 4.5 3.8 3.3 5.2 5.1 6.8 7.4 6.4 7.8 7.1 5.7 3.9 4.3 4.0 3.6 2.7 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.0 1.3
Firearm homicide * * 2.8 * 3.0 3.0 4.9 5.5 5.3 5.5 5.5 4.6 2.2 3.0 2.6 2.6 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.5 1.9 1.9 2.2 1.7 1.4 1.0
Firearm suicide * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
— Not available.
* Number of deaths too few to calculate a reliable rate.
a The 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for data on race and ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following three racial groups: White, Black, or Asian or Pacific Islander. Death rates for American Indians or Alaskan Natives are not shown separately because the numbers of deaths were too small for the calculation of reliable rates and American Indians are underreported on the death certificate. CA, HI, ID, ME, MT, NY, and WI reported multiple-race data in 2003. In 2004, the following states began to report multiple-race data: MI, MN, NH, NJ, OK, SD, WA, and WY. In 2005, the following states began to report multiple-race data: CT, FL, KS, NE, SC, UT, and DC (mid-year). In 2006, NM, OR, RI, and TX began to report multiple-race data. In 2007, DE and OH began to report multiple-race data. In 2008, AR, GA, IL, IN, NV, ND, and VT began to report multiple-race data. In 2010, AZ, KY, and MO began to report multiple-race data. In 2011, IA began to report multiple-race data. The multiple-race data for these states were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other states, rather than following the revised 1997 OMB standards for a select group of states. In addition, note that data on race and Hispanic origin are collected and reported separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Trends for the Hispanic population are affected by an expansion in the number of registration areas that included an item on Hispanic origin on the death certificate. Tabulations are restricted to a subset of the states that include the item on the death certificate and that meet a minimal quality standard. The quality of reporting has improved substantially over time, so that the minimal quality standard was relaxed in 1992 for those areas reporting Hispanic origin on at least 80 percent of records. The number of states in the reporting area increased from 44 states and DC in 1989 to 45 states, New York State (excluding New York City), and DC in 1990; 47 states, New York State (excluding New York City), and DC in 1991; 48 states and DC in 1992; and 49 states and DC in 1993–1996. Complete reporting began in 1997. The population data in 1990 and 1991 do not exclude New York City. Data for Hispanic origin and specified race populations other than White, non-Hispanic and Black, non-Hispanic should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race and Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys.
b Cause-of-death information for 1980–1998 is classified according to the Ninth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases. Cause-of-death information for 1999–2011 is classified according to the Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases.
c Rates for 2001–2009 are revised and may differ from rates previously published.
d Number of deaths are based on weighted data rounded to the nearest individual. Data are based on death records comprising more than 98 percent of preliminary files for 2011. The mortality rates for 2011 were obtained from preliminary death records from the National Vital Statistics System. Caution should be taken in interpreting injury death rates based on preliminary data, as these tend to be underestimated. See Deaths: Preliminary data for 2011, http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_06.pdf.
SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System.