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YAED4B Neither Enrolled Nor Working: Percentage of young adults ages 18–24 who were neither enrolled in school nor working by selected characteristics, selected years 1990–2013

excel icon YAED4B Excel Table

Characteristic 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2011 2012 2013
Total 16.1 16.8 13.9 16.1 19.2 17.9 16.8 17.3
Ages 18–19, total 13.1 13.7 11.2 13.1 14.9 13.0 12.6 13.2
Gender
Male 11.0 11.6 9.8 13.1 15.8 13.3 13.0 13.3
Female 15.2 15.8 12.6 13.0 13.9 12.8 12.1 13.2
Race and Hispanic origina
White, non-Hispanic 10.7 9.8 7.6 9.9 12.6 10.4 10.6 11.4
Black, non-Hispanic 18.6 24.1 20.5 19.1 20.6 18.5 15.3 17.2
Hispanic 23.4 21.9 18.5 20.4 18.2 16.9 16.5 15.8
Asian/Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 6.6 8.3 10.0 9.0 8.2 8.1
American Indian/Alaskan Native, non-Hispanic 26.7
Two or more races, non-Hispanic 11.6 13.7 15.1 13.6 10.1
Educational attainmentb
Less than high school completion 17.9 16.5 12.3 14.7 14.5 10.6 11.4 11.1
High school completion 11.8 18.2 18.0 20.0 26.9 27.5 24.6 26.7
Some college, no degree 2.5 4.1 2.5 3.7 4.5 4.2 3.7 4.3
Associate's degree 19.6
Bachelor's or higher degree
Family povertyc
Poor 29.4 29.0 23.6 25.4 26.7 25.5 24.0 23.6
Nonpoor 10.0 10.3 8.6 10.5 12.0 9.8 9.9 10.7
Ages 20–24, total 17.4 18.0 15.0 17.2 20.8 19.7 18.4 18.7
Gender
Male 11.5 12.9 11.0 13.9 19.6 18.9 16.8 17.8
Female 23.0 23.1 19.0 20.6 22.1 20.6 20.1 19.6
Race and Hispanic origina
White, non-Hispanic 13.8 13.9 11.0 13.6 16.6 16.9 14.6 15.3
Black, non-Hispanic 31.1 29.0 25.3 27.5 32.0 26.4 27.5 26.9
Hispanic 24.3 28.5 23.4 22.6 26.9 25.0 23.1 22.7
Asian/Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 11.4 13.5 10.9 13.0 15.9 11.1 13.6 12.0
American Indian/Alaskan Native, non-Hispanic 38.0 26.9 19.8 34.1 39.0 33.6 39.2 48.7
Two or more races, non-Hispanic 18.7 21.2 21.5 18.4 18.5
Educational attainmentb
Less than high school completion 42.8 43.1 35.9 40.4 48.8 43.6 45.0 45.5
High school completion 20.7 25.4 20.9 24.2 32.5 31.5 29.9 30.9
Some college, no degree 5.8 7.1 5.3 6.9 9.0 9.0 8.6 8.6
Associate's degree 6.2 5.2 10.9 12.2 12.6 10.3 12.8
Bachelor's or higher degree 4.7 6.9 9.1 7.6 9.6 10.6 8.8 9.2
Family povertyc
Poor 42.8 41.6 31.3 34.4 37.3 35.0 34.8 34.8
Nonpoor 12.9 12.9 11.6 13.4 16.4 15.3 14.0 14.5
— Not available.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
a For data before 2003, the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for data on race and ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following four racial groups: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. The revised 1997 OMB standards on race and ethnicity were used for data from 2003 and later years. Under these standards, persons could select one or more of five racial groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Those reporting more than one race were classified as "Two or more races." For 2003 and after, when separate reporting was possible, respondents who reported being Asian or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander were combined for continuity purposes. Also, beginning in 2003, those in a given racial category represent those reporting only that race. Data from 2003 onward are not directly comparable with data from earlier years. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
b "High school completion" includes equivalency credentials, such as the General Educational Development (GED) credential, from 1992 onward. Prior to 1992, "some college" refers to completing 1 or more years of college. From 1992 onward, the term refers to completing any college at all.
c Poor is defined to include families below the poverty threshold; nonpoor is defined to include families at or above the poverty threshold.
NOTE: The data presented here represent the percentage of civilian, noninstitutionalized young adults ages 18–24 who are neither enrolled in school nor working.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, March Supplement and Annual Social and Economic Supplement.